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Quality of life at older ages: evidence from the English longitudinal study of aging (wave 1)
Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 357-363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate whether longstanding illnesses, social context, and current socioeconomic circumstances predict quality of life.

Design: Secondary analysis of wave 1 of the English longitudinal study of aging. Missing data were imputed and multiple regression analyses conducted.

Setting: England, 2002

Participants: Nationally representative sample of non-institutionalised adults living in England (n = 11 234, 54.5% women, age 65.1 (SD 10.2) years).

Main outcome measure: Quality of life as measured by CASP-19, a 19 item Likert scaled index.

Results: The quality of life was reduced by depression (β −0.265), poor perceived financial situation (β −0.157), limitations in mobility (β −0.124), difficulties with everyday activities (β −0.112), and limiting longstanding illness (β −0.112). The quality of life was improved by trusting relationships with family (β 0.105) and friends (β 0.078), frequent contacts with friends (β 0.059), living in good neighbourhoods (β 0.103), and having two cars (β 0.066). The regression models explained 48% variation in CASP-19 scores. There were slight differences between age groups and between men and women.

Conclusions: Efforts to improve quality of life in early old age need to address financial hardships, functionally limiting disease, lack of at least one trusting relationship, and inability to move out of a disfavoured neighbourhood. There is the potential for improved quality of life in early old age (the third age) if these factors are controlled.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 60, no 4, p. 357-363
Keyword [en]
Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Aging/*psychology, Chronic Disease/psychology, Depression/psychology, England/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Social Support, Socioeconomic Factors
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3792DOI: 10.1136/jech.2005.040071PubMedID: 16537355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3792DiVA, id: diva2:138090
Available from: 2009-01-05 Created: 2009-01-05 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Montgomery, Scott M.

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