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Adolescents' perspective on mental health and health-promoting dialogues
Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Young people in Sweden are satisfied with most things in their lives. But they are not satisfied with school and not with their opportunities for personal influence. The Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasizes the right for children to express their views freely and that their views should be given due weight. In the present academic essay adolescents, 13, 15 and 16 years old, have been interviewed about matters concerning mental health.

The overall aim of the study is to increase our knowledge of adolescents´ perceptions, of mental health and of school nurses´ mental health-promoting dialogue. Focus groups were used in the data collection in study I, as well as in study II. In study II these were combined with individual interviews. Altogether 26 adolescents in study I and 48 in study II were interviewed. Content analysis was used in the analysis in study I, and in study II a phenomenographical approach was used in the analysis.

The findings in study I include what issues to discuss and where the school nurse’s mental health-promoting dialogue should take place. The findings show that adolescents emphasize as most important what the school nurse is like as a person in the health-promoting dialogue, and that trust, attentiveness, respectfulness, authenticity, accessibility during school hours and continuity are established. In study II, the findings show that adolescents find mental health to be an emotional experience where positive and negative health is part of the concept. Family is perceived as the most important determinant for young people’s health, closely followed by friends and thereafter school. The girls and the boys in study II did not feel that there were large differences in mental health between girls and boys, but they saw differences in the way they act; girls are talkative and emotional, and boys are silent and tough. Age differences seem to be more important than gender in the adolescents’ perception of mental health.

The findings are discussed in relation to gender and previous research. Furthermore, the voice of young people and ethical issues in interviewing young people are discussed. The findings are thereafter placed in an ecological model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007. , p. 42
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 14
Keywords [en]
child public health, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ethics, focus group, gender, mental health, school health
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
Research subject
Social Medicine; Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3994DiVA, id: diva2:138293
Presentation
(English)
Note
Agneta Tinnfält (tidigare Johansson)Available from: 2007-09-03 Created: 2007-09-03 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Mental health-promoting dialogue of school nurses from the perspective of adolescent pupils
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental health-promoting dialogue of school nurses from the perspective of adolescent pupils
2006 (English)In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 10-13, 19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mental health is a major public health issue in Sweden, especially concerning children and adolescents. School plays a primary role as a health-promoting arena, where school nurses use the health dialogue to promote mental health. The aim of this study was to describe the prerequisites of a mental health-promoting dialogue with the school nurse from the perspective of young people. A further aim was to explore what adolescents believe are important dimensions for achieving such a desired dialogue. Twenty-six 15-year-olds in Sweden were interviewed after being assigned to five focus groups. Inductive qualitative content analysis was used. The findings show that the prerequisites for a mental health-promoting dialogue with the school nurse include what issues to discuss in the dialogue and where the dialogue should take place. The dimensions of the dialogue include what the adolescents think is most important in the dialogue with the school nurse: trustiness, attentiveness, respectfulness, authencity, accessibility during school hours and continuity.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3027 (URN)
Available from: 2008-11-05 Created: 2008-11-05 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
2. Adolescent girls' and boys' perceptions of mental health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescent girls' and boys' perceptions of mental health
2007 (English)In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 183-202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this study are to analyse the concept of mental health from the perspective of adolescent girls and boys and to describe what adolescent girls and boys regard as important determinants of mental health. Interviews with 48 children, 13 and 16 years old, in Sweden were held individually or in focus groups. The adolescents perceived mental health as an emotional experience, where positive as well as negative health is part of the concept. Family is the most important determinant for young people's mental health, closely followed by friends. Neither girls nor boys believed that there were any large differences in mental health between girls and boys. Age differences seemed to be more important than gender in the perception of mental health by children.

Keywords
mental health, adolescent
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3028 (URN)10.1080/13676260601055409 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-11-05 Created: 2008-11-05 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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