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Effects of UV-B in biological and chemical systems: equipment for wavelength dependence determination
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. (Molekylär biokemi)
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. (Molekylär biokemi)
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. (Bioanalytisk miljötoxikologi)
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2005 (English)In: Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods, ISSN 0165-022X, E-ISSN 1872-857X, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The thinning of the stratospheric ozone layer has prompted a large number of studies of UV-B-induced effects in biological and chemical systems. The wavelength dependency of such effects is of interest from mechanistic, physiological or economic points of view. Here, we describe an apparatus for determining the wavelength dependency of UV-B effects in biological and chemical systems. The apparatus consists of a high intensity UV radiation source and narrow bandpass filters to produce UV radiation in even intervals (between 280 and 360 nm). The usefulness of the equipment is demonstrated in two different systems: 1) Chalcone synthase (CHS) gene is up-regulated by UV-B radiation. Therefore quantitative analysis of the CHS gene expression was chosen in the present investigation for studies of the wavelength dependency of gene expression regulation in plants. Maximum induction of CHS expression was found at 300 nm with a 12-fold induction compared with the control; 2) The wavelength dependency of formation of dioxin-like photoproducts from the brominated flame retardant decabrominated diphenyl ether (DeBDE) is described. This is an example of UV-B-induced conversion of non-toxic species into a number of products of which some may be toxic in the environment. In the UV interval studied, the highest dioxin-like activity was found in the sample irradiated at 330 nm and therefore this wavelength is most important for the mechanism involved in photoconversion of DeBDE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 65, no 1, p. 1-12
Keyword [en]
Arabidopsis/growth & development/*radiation effects, Cell Culture Techniques/*instrumentation/methods, Cell Survival/radiation effects, Dioxins/*chemistry/*radiation effects, Dose-Response Relationship; Radiation, Equipment Design, Equipment Failure Analysis, Escherichia coli/physiology/*radiation effects, Radiation Dosage, Radiometry/*instrumentation/methods, Ultraviolet Rays
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-4134DOI: 10.1016/j.jbbm.2005.09.001PubMedID: 16256203OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-4134DiVA, id: diva2:138433
Available from: 2008-11-12 Created: 2008-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Authority records BETA

Kalbin, GeorgiLi, ShaoshanOlsman, HelenaEngwall, MagnusStrid, Åke

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