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First ever population-based assessment of Mycoplasma genitalium in Vietnam: low prevalence among married women of reproductive age in rural areas
Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.
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2008 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objective: To analyse the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium infection in a population-based study among sexually active married women from a demographic surveillance site in a rural geographical area of Vietnam.

Materials and Methods: Women, 18-49 years of age, were randomly selected to participate. DNA was isolated from endocervical swabs sampled from 990 participating women. The M. genitalium MgPa adhesion gene was detected using a real-time PCR with TaqMan probe

Results: Eight (0.8% [95% confidence interval, 0.25-1.35%]) of the included women were infected with M. genitalium. Two of these positive women reported clinical symptoms. One additional M. genitalium positive but symptom-free woman, however, showed clinical signs of vaginitis. None of the M. genitalium positive women was concomitantly infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum or HIV. Furthermore, there was no obvious association between M. genitalium infection and vaginal douching, use of intra-uterine device (IUD), or occurrence of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, or Trichomonas vaginalis.

Conclusions: The prevalence of M. genitalium among sexually active married women in Vietnam was relatively low. However, more large, well-designed and appropriately performed studies in other population groups including unmarried women and men, and in other geographical areas, rural as well as urban, are crucial in order to extract any evidence-based conclusions regarding the overall prevalence of STIs, including M. genitalium infections, in the Vietnamese society. The present study compiled with such future studies may form the basis for a national sexual health strategy for prevention, diagnosis, and surveillance of STIs, including M. genitalium infections, in Vietnam.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-4674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-4674DiVA, id: diva2:138973
Available from: 2008-10-31 Created: 2008-10-31 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Olsen, BirgittaUnemo, Magnus

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf