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Elderly persons with disabilities in Sweden: their experiences of everyday life
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2008 (English)In: Occupational therapy international, ISSN 0966-7903, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 133-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the everyday life experiences of 22 elderly persons with physical disabilities in Sweden. The participants were aged between 65 and 91 years. Interviews were conducted and analysed according to a qualitative research approach. Disengagement in activities and social contacts resulted in feelings of resignation and dejection for some participants, while others delegated tasks as a satisfactory alternative. Participants also described how activities and social contacts continued, albeit in a different way, and being active and socializing gave feelings of pleasure and a sense of belonging. While receiving help was experienced as valuable, it also increased the fear of becoming dependent. Occupational therapy intervention should be directed at increasing social contacts and engagements in meaningful activities, as well as strengthening the individual's autonomy. The transferability of the study can be questioned as the sample only included elderly persons with physical disabilities from urban areas. Further research is needed to address the impact of occupational therapy interventions on life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Whurr , 2008. Vol. 15, no 3, p. 133-149
Keywords [en]
activities of daily living, elderly living, phenomenography
National Category
Nursing Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Nursing Science w. Occupational Therapy Focus
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-4736DOI: 10.1002/oti.254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-4736DiVA, id: diva2:139035
Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Äldre personers dagliga liv och betydelsen av dagrehabilitering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äldre personers dagliga liv och betydelsen av dagrehabilitering
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis was to study elderly persons’ everyday life and the benefits of community-based day care rehabilitation (DCR). Further aims were to describe everyday life as experienced by elderly persons eligible for DCR and what they expected to gain from attending DCR. Participants in  study I and II were 22 prospective elderly day-care patients with physical disabilities. Interviews about their experiences of everyday life (study I) and their expectations of DCR (study II) were conducted and analysed according to a qualitative research approach called phenomenography. In study III 15 elderly persons were interviewed about changes in everyday life after having been discharged from DCR. A narrative approach was used for analysing the interviews. In Study IV occupational therapy patients’ records from 59 patients that had been discharged from DCR were analysed using deductive content analysis for describing individual treatment goals and level of goal attainment. The findings in study I, showed that cessation of activities and social contacts resulted in feelings of resignation and dejection for some participants. Participants also described how activities and social contacts continued, albeit in a different way, and that being active resulted in feelings of pleasure. In study II the findings described expectations of participating in physical training and socialisation with others at the DCR. The findings in study III, in the form of four case-stories, described positive changes in the participants’ everyday life such as improved occupational performance and heightened sense of wellbeing. The findings indicate that it was a combination of several events that together contributed to the changes. The findings in study IV showed that “Walking” was the category that contained the highest proportion of treatment goals. A majority of the treatment goals were either completely achieved or partially achieved. DCR could have a significant impact on elderly persons’ everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. p. 71
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 42
Keywords
aged, everyday life, day care, rehabilitation, community-based, outcomes, goal attainment
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26509 (URN)978-91-7668-911-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-01-25, Hörsal 2, Prismahuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:17 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-26 Created: 2012-11-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Tollén, AnitaFredriksson, CarinKamwendo, Kitty

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  • apa
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