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Effekten av emotionsinduktion och emotionsreglering på arbetsminnesprestation
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of mood induction and emotion regulation on working memory capacity (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hur väl människor presterar kognitivt i olika situationer påverkas av känslor och hur dessa känslor hanteras, men på vilket sätt känslorna påverkar är inte helt givet. Föreliggande studie syftade till att undersöka effekten av emotionsinduktion och emotionsreglering på arbetsminnesprestation. Experimentet genomfördes av 32 deltagare. Positiva och negativa känslor inducerades med hjälp av emotionella bilder, arbetsminnesprestation testades genom andel korrekta responser samt reaktionstid (recent-probes item-recognition task) och slutligen undersöktes emotionsregleringsstrategierna omtolkande och undertryckande utifrån Emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003 ). Resultaten visade att negativa känslor orsakade sämre arbetsminnesprestation, men förhållandet verkar se olika ut beroende på svårighetsgraden av arbetsminnesuppgift. Det fanns ingen signifikant effekt av positiva känslor på arbetsniinnesprestation. Resultatet visade även att ju högre habituell användning av emotionsregleringsstrategin undertryckande deltagarna rapporterade, desto sämre arbetsminnesprestation efter emotionsinducering för vissa stimuli. Sammanfattningsvis visar studiens resultat att känslotillstånd påverkar arbetsminne, vilket ligger i linje med tidigare forskning. Studien bidrar även med ny kunskap kring sambandet mellan emotionsreglering och arbetsminnesprestation efter emotionsinducering. 

Abstract [en]

How well people peifonn cognitively in dif.ferent situations is affected by emotions and by hon1 these emotions are regulated, hut in what way is not entirely given. The present study aimed to investigate the effect oj mood induction and emotion regulation on 1;vorking memory pe1formance. The experinient was conducted by 32 participants. Positive and negative emotions were induced with the help oj emotional pictures, working memory pe1formance was measured through accuracy and reaction time (recent-probes item­recognition task) and finally, the emotion regulation strategies; suppression and reappraisal, were investigated with the Emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003). The results showed that negative emotions generated poorer working memory peiformance, hut the relationship seems to depend on the leve! oj difficulty of the working memory task. There was no significant effect oj positive emotions on working memory peiformance. The results also showed that the higher the habitual use oj the emotion regulation strategy suppression the participants reported, the less accurate they were on the working memory test after mood induction for some stimuli. In summary, the study's results show that emotional states effect working memo1y, which is in line with previous research. The study also contributes with new knowledge regarding the relationship between emotion regulation and working memory pe1fonnance after mood induction. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Emotion regulation, mood induction, working memory, expressive suppression, cognitive reappraisal
Keywords [sv]
Emotionsreglering, emotionsinducering, arbetsminne, undertryckande, omtolkande
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-80078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-80078DiVA, id: diva2:1394492
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-19 Created: 2020-02-19 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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