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A prospective long-term follow-up study of optic disc pit maculopathy treated with pars plana vitrectomy, drainage of subretinal fluid and peeling of internal limiting membrane
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Ophthalmology.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Ophthalmology.
2020 (English)In: Acta Ophthalmologica, ISSN 1755-375X, E-ISSN 1755-3768, Vol. 98, no 8, p. 822-827Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: To describe the long-term results of surgical repair of patients with optic disc pit maculopathy (ODP-M).

METHODS: Prospective, consecutive, noncomparative follow-up study including 12 patients with ODP-M treated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), peeling of internal limiting membrane followed by gas tamponade. Subretinal fluid (SRF) was drained in 11 eyes through a retinotomy without laser photocoagulation. Preoperatively, macular detachment with retinoschisis was seen in 9 out of 12 eyes with three eyes having only subretinal fluid in the macular area. The median age at surgery was 20 years (range 9-60 years).

RESULTS: Follow-up time from initial surgery was 63 months (median). Eight eyes were anatomically reattached after one operation without remaining SRF in the macula. Two patients required a reoperation due to leakage from the retinotomy and another two underwent a second PPV procedure due to late recurrences. Successful healing was at follow-up control observed in 11 of 12 eyes. There was no statistically significant difference in visual acuity between patients before and after surgery (p = 0.24). Central visual field defects with depressed mean deviation were detected in all treated eyes.

CONCLUSION: In this long-term study of ODP-M final outcome regarding healing was relatively efficacious, however, a relatively large proportion had complications associated to retinotomies. We conclude that drainage of SRF should likely be avoided since it appears to contribute little to the resorption rate of SRF and seems to linked to unnecessary risks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2020. Vol. 98, no 8, p. 822-827
Keywords [en]
ODP, long term, maculopathy, optic disc pit
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81962DOI: 10.1111/aos.14475ISI: 000533439000001PubMedID: 32421253Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85084805482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-81962DiVA, id: diva2:1431397
Available from: 2020-05-20 Created: 2020-05-20 Last updated: 2020-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Makdoumi, KarimCrafoord, Sven

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