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A toxaphene-degrading bacterium related to Enterobacter cloacae, strain D1 isolated from aged contaminated soil in Nicaragua
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. (MTM)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6217-8857
2005 (English)In: Systematic and Applied Microbiology, ISSN 0723-2020, E-ISSN 1618-0984, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 632-639Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Enterobacter sp. strain D1 is a facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative heterotrophic bacterium isolated from toxaphene-contaminated soil. This organism was identified and characterized through phylogenetic and taxonomic studies. Based on 16S rDNA analysis, the strain D1 was clustered closely with the species Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens (LMG 2683) and E. cloacae (ATCC 13047T). Strain D1 resembled these E. cloacae strains with respect to various biochemical and nutritional characteristics, but also exhibited differences. Moreover, strain D1 is able to grow and survive with toxaphene supplied in the medium in the range 3-96 mg/L. Amongst the chemical components of toxaphene, octachlorocamphenes, nonachlorobornanes and decachlorobornanes were seen to be rapidly metabolized, although levels of hexachlorocamphenes and heptachlorobornanes were found to be slowly degraded, and subsequently accumulated during the last stage of the cultivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 28, no 7, p. 632-639
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Chemical Sciences Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry; Environmental Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5323DOI: 10.1016/j.syapm.2005.03.015PubMedID: 16156121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5323DiVA, id: diva2:158692
Available from: 2009-02-03 Created: 2009-02-03 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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van Bavel, Bert

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