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Demokrati eller presidentdiktatur?: Konstitutionella vägval i postkommunistiska länder 
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, Vol. 22, no 2, 141-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Democracy or Presidential Dictatorship? Constitutional Pathways in Post-Communist Countries

 

While authoritarian presidents prevail throughout the post-Soviet region under strongly president oriented constitutions, democracy according to parliamentary principles triumphs in Central Europe. This article discusses the constitutional pattern among the post-communist countries on the basis of two general questions: First, how can we explain that strong presidential constitutions are dominant throughout the post-Soviet region whereas constrained presidencies and governments anchored in parliament have become the prevailing option in Central Europe? Second, and interlinked with the first question, why did so many post-communist countries (in the post-Soviet region as well as in Central Europe) choose neither parliamentarism nor presidentialism, but instead semi-presidential arrangements characterised by a directly elected president provided with considerable powers coexisting with a prime minister? The analysis suggests that both historical-institutional and actor-oriented factors are relevant for grasping these questions. Key factors have been the type of regime transition, pre-communist era constitutions and leaders, as well as short-term economic and political considerations. With different strength and in partly different ways, these factors seem to have affected the actors’ preferences and final constitutional compromises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: NUPI , 2008. Vol. 22, no 2, 141-161 p.
Keyword [en]
post-communist, constitution, semi-presidentialism, parliamentarism, president, institutional choice
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5572OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5572DiVA: diva2:160448
Available from: 2009-02-13 Created: 2009-02-13 Last updated: 2010-10-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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