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Biodiversity in urban governance and planning: Examples from Swedish cities
Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences. (CUReS)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7737-5850
Regionförbundet Västra Götaland.
Chalmers.
SLU.
2005 (English)In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, Vol. 6, no 3, 283-301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the key agreements adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992 was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Both in practice and research biodiversity has been mainly addressed in a non-urban context, often discussed in relation to issues such as the depletion of rainforests and desertification. However, as more than half of the world population are urban dwellers, it is increasingly urgent to discuss the application of the concept of biodiversity within an urban context. Issues approached in this article are: What does it mean to talk about biodiversity in an urban context? Is biodiversity a meaningful goal for urban politics and planning? Is there empirical evidence of implementing biodiversity in urban politics and planning. After an introduction, the article is organized into four sections. In the second section the concept of biological diversity is defined with special reference to its application in an urban context. Biodiversity and its relationship to urban governance is the topic of the third section, followed by a section analysing examples of how this relationship is practised in selected Swedish cities. The final section highlights five major conclusions with regard to the application of biodiversity in an urban context: (1) that all cities studied have adopted overall 'green' policies, including biodiversity as one component; (2) that local coalitions in favour of implementing biodiversity have been established between employees at different offices, between employees and politicians, and between employees and NGOs; (3) that there are in all cases tangible signs of spatial patterns and structures that are favourable to biodiversity; (4) that urban biodiversity, for its successful implementation, needs to be related, and accommodated to other values given priority in current policymaking, such as recreation; (5) that mainstream biodiversity analysis should be complemented by an urban landscape approach. Finally, the article returns to the more general question of what biodiversity could and should mean in urban planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2005. Vol. 6, no 3, 283-301 p.
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5684DOI: 10.1080/14649350500208910OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5684DiVA: diva2:174112
Available from: 2009-02-24 Created: 2009-02-17 Last updated: 2015-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Elander, Ingemar
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf