oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Qigong exercise with concentration predicts increased health
Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences. (RISPA)
Department of Psychology, Stockhom University.
Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences. (RISPA)
2006 (English)In: THE American journal of Chinese medicine, ISSN 0192-415X, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 949-957Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Regular physical activity has many positive health effects. Despite this, approximately 50% of all adults are not exercising enough to enjoy better health and may therefore need an alternative to vigorous physical exercise. Qigong offers a gentle way to exercise the body. A questionnaire sample of 253 participants was collected and correlations with the variable Health-now were analyzed. Results showed that Health-now was positively correlated with Number of completed qigong courses (p<.05), with Level of concentration (p<.01), Session-time (p<.01), and Years of practice (p<.05). Among these variables, Concentration predicts an increased feeling of Health (R2 = 0.092). Qigong exercise thereby seems to offer a viable alternative to other more vigorous physical activities when wellness is the primary goal. When interpreted using self-determination theory, qigong seems to satisfy needs related to autonomy, competence and relatedness, thereby primarily attracting individuals who are intrinsically motivated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 34, no 6, p. 949-957
Keywords [en]
Biyun, qigong, exercise, intrinsic motivation
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5791OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5791DiVA, id: diva2:174493
Available from: 2009-02-23 Created: 2009-02-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Qigong in daily life: motivation and intention to mindful exercise
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qigong in daily life: motivation and intention to mindful exercise
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In many countries physical inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle are identified as major public health problems. A general health goal is therefore to promote an active lifestyle throughout the entire life span. The reasons given for not adopting a physically active lifestyle and/or taking part in vigorous exercise include old age, negative social and physical environments, physical disability and other health related issues. Qigong exercise, a low-intensity Chinese self-care method, has therefore been suggested as an alternative activity to vigorous exercise. There is, however, little knowledge about leisure-time qigong exercisers and their reasons for adherence. The general aim of this thesis was therefore to explore leisure-time medical qigong and those practicing it, and to examine how individuals’ motivation and intention to exercise are related to their actual exercise in daily life. Behavioural changes towards an active lifestyle will be discussed from both medical qigong and exercise psychology perspectives. Suggestions are then summarized into a qigong-based Wellness Coaching Model. Participants were recruited from a qigong association and introductory qigong courses. Data were collected by questionnaires and were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The reasons given for leisure-time medical qigong exercise were to aid recovery from illness and to preserve health. Participants in the low-intensity qigong exercise group studied were somewhat older, and their main reason for participating was to achieve a general feeling of wellness. As a group they had mainly low-stress levels and were highly energized. Concentration on qi-flow during exercise correlates positively with improved health feelings, and exercise is performed with deep mindful concentration three to six times per week for an average of thirty minutes. Perceived stress correlates negatively with health, energy and exercise behaviour suggesting that stress has to be managed in order for wellness to emerge. Intrinsically motivated exercisers are more concentrated, and perceive their stress as lower than that of their more externally motivated counterparts. Strong behaviour intentions are significantly correlated with actual exercise frequency. When exercise is performed in a qigong state, with a heightened level of concentration, adherence is higher than otherwise is the case. Results suggest that health-professionals aiming to secure qigong exercise adherence should stimulate feelings of wellness as an intrinsic motive for exercise, strengthen the individuals’ intention to exercise, and promote a calm energy state (low-stress and high energy) before commencement of exercise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2009. p. 83
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 2
Keywords
Qigong exercise, mindfulness, adherence, motivation, intention, stress
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5796 (URN)978-91-7668-652-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-03-20, Hörsal G, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-02-24 Created: 2009-02-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Jouper, JohnJohansson, Mattias

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jouper, JohnJohansson, Mattias
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
THE American journal of Chinese medicine
Sport and Fitness SciencesSocial Sciences Interdisciplinary

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 893 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf