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Changes in urinary incontinence and quality of life after four years: a population-based study of women aged 22-50 years
Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 22, 112-117 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate (a) the incidence and remission rates of female urinary incontinence (UI), (b) changes in type of UI and quality of life (QoL), and (c) whether professional help had been consulted regarding UI.

DESIGN:

A 4-year follow-up population-based cohort study.

SETTING:

Surahammar, Sweden, a community of 10,500 inhabitants.

SUBJECTS:

All 118 incontinent and 130 continent women aged between 22 and 50 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Changes in type of UI were measured using the Detrusor Instability Score (DIS), which was used to distinguish between the stress incontinent and the urge incontinent women. Changes in QoL were measured using the SF-36 Health Survey.

RESULTS:

The mean annual incidence and remission rates of UI were the same (4%). The majority of women (83%) reported unchanged UI after 4 years and 77% of these women had stress incontinence. At follow-up, the changes in QoL scores were significantly greater in five out of eight dimensions in the persistently incontinent group compared with the persistently continent group. QoL scores did not change significantly from baseline to the 4-year follow-up within the incidence and remission groups. Three of four women with UI had not sought professional help.

CONCLUSIONS:

At 4-year follow-up the type of UI is fairly stable in women below 50 years of age. The QoL decreases in five dimensions, but the clinical relevance of this might be questioned. Most women with UI had not sought professional help.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 22, 112-117 p.
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5859DOI: 10.1080/02813430410005676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5859DiVA: diva2:175088
Available from: 2009-02-26 Created: 2009-02-26 Last updated: 2012-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://informahealthcare.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02813430410005676

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf