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In every rank, or great or small, 'Tis industry supports us all': Ethnic Romanians and ethnic Hungarians, and their wages, in transition
Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University. (HERGORD)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4570-7504
2008 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Legally binding treaties or memorandums were used over time to regulate the issue of national borders of many European countries. As a result, relatively big groups of people become ethnic minority of other countries. They may conserve their ethnic identities, and therefore their children may accumulate ethnic human capital (e.g., language, culture, and religion) additionally to the general human capital of the country. Therefore, they can get access to an appropriate occupation, but also to some occupations linked by tradition or other factors to their ethnic group. Using data drawn from the Romanian Integrated Household Survey we analyze the composition of the wage gap between ethnic Romanians and Hungarians in Romania before and during the transition from a planned to a market economy. Using a selection model with an endogenous switch among three broad types of occupational groups, we analyze both the ethnic wage gap and the occupational wage gap within these two ethnic groups. The results suggest that the institutional settings of the controlled economy the big changes in the controlled economy (such as nationalization, industrialization, equal access for women and men to education and employment) allowed ethnic Romanians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns, while the changes during the transition years (especially regarding the improvement of minorities rights since 1997) allowed the ethnic Hungarians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
Keyword [en]
occupational wage gap, ethnic wage gap, selection, Romania
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5966OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-5966DiVA, id: diva2:202318
Conference
European Society for Population Economics (ESPE), University College London, June 19 - June 21
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Andrén, Daniela

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Swedish Business School at Örebro University
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf