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The meaning and form of occupational therapy as experienced by women with psychoses: A phenomenological study
Örebro University, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
Uppsala universitet.
Ersta Sköndals högskola.
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, no 1, 103-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to illuminate the experiences of occupational therapy interventions in individuals with psychoses. Repeated tape-recorded narrative interviews were conducted with six women participating in occupational therapy immediately after an intervention. The subsequent analyses followed a phenomenological approach. Key constituents integrated in two structures, are the main ®ndings. The meaning of occupational therapy as expressed in the key constituents relief, selfknowledge, belief in the future, capability, resistance and satisfaction formed one structure. The form of occupational therapy as expressed in the key constituents time, environment, guidance, voluntariness and collaboration represented the other structure. These ®ndings con®rm and give empirical support to beliefs and assumptions expressed in occupational therapy literature. The results form a conceptual base for developing an evaluative assessment instrument for individuals with psychoses participating in occupational therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell , 2002. Vol. 16, no 1, 103-110 p.
Keyword [en]
occupational therapy, individuals with psychoses, phenomenology
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
vårdvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6032DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-6712.2002.00064.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6032DiVA: diva2:208436
Available from: 2009-03-18 Created: 2009-03-18 Last updated: 2014-10-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the present thesis was three-fold. The first was to study occupational performance in individuals with severe mental disorders and their experiences of occupational therapy, the second to study experienced burden of family caregivers and the third to test the validity and the homogeneity of assessment tools in this area. The samples consisted of individuals with severe mental disorders participating in organised occupations (n= 112), occupational therapy records (n=64), occupational therapists working in mental health care (n=7) and family caregivers of individuals with severe mental disorders (n=256). Data were collected by questionnaires, structured and narrative interviews, observations and occupational therapy records. Individuals with severe mental disorders reported problems related to leisure and work activities and the occupational therapists recorded problems concerning how to organise and structure occupational performance. Individuals functioning on a high cognitive level experienced problems related to work and productive activities. Participation in occupational therapy strengthened their confidence in their own ability. The “Experience of Occupational Performance Questionnaire” (EOPQ) was developed from data on the experiences of women participating in occupational therapy. A principal component analysis gave seven factors with acceptable homogeneity. There is a need for assessment tools to evaluate occupational therapy. The EOPQ represents an attempt to fulfil this need. Family caregivers experienced limitations of daily activities as a burden. The ability to perform daily activities was studied from three perspectives, the individuals’, the occupational therapists’, and the experienced burden of the family caregivers. These perspectives are complementary and thus necessary for planning and implementation of individually adapted occupational therapy as well as for the evaluation of outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, Tryck & Medier, 2002. 41 p.
Series
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala Dissertations form the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 118
Keyword
Mental disorders, occupational performance, activities in daily life, factor analysis.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37423 (URN)01-554-5432-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-11-08, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-10-21 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2016-12-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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