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What is at Stake in the Doha Round?
Kommerskollegium.
Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics. (Globaliseringen)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0149-9598
2007 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 30, no 8, 1305-1325 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study the key elements of the WTO Doha Round are simulated and the main implications for international trade and national income are analysed. Based on negotiation information, three scenarios are designed. All scenarios encompass goods, services and agricultural liberalisation as well as trade facilitation. For goods liberalisation, a so-called Swiss formula is used to cut bound tariff rates. Agricultural tariffs are cut according to a tiered linear formula. Attention has been given to the modelling of trade facilitation. Indirect as well as direct trade transaction costs are modelled. For simulation of the services liberalisation quantitative estimates of indirect trade barriers are used. The simulation results show that all regions in the aggregation gain in the simulated Doha scenarios, with a particularly strong result for developing countries. A conservative estimate is that global income increases with 0.2–0.7 per cent of initial GDP, depending on the level of liberalisation. Trade facilitation contributes the most to these results, with increased market access for non-agricultural goods coming in second place. Overall, simulations indicate the importance of countries' own liberalisation for their national income gains, and the importance of a broad-based round.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2007. Vol. 30, no 8, 1305-1325 p.
Keyword [en]
Doha round; trade liberalisation; CGE; trade facilitation; services; WTO
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6034DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2007.01045.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6034DiVA: diva2:208442
Available from: 2009-03-18 Created: 2009-03-18 Last updated: 2017-03-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tackling barriers to firm trade: liberalisation, migration and servification
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tackling barriers to firm trade: liberalisation, migration and servification
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis analyses how to tackle barriers to firm trade and the consequences thereof. In Essay 1, we carefully model trade liberalisation scenarios that include the key elements of the WTO Doha round, scenarios that are implemented in a computable general equilibrium model. The simulation results indicate particularly strong gains for developing countries from liberalisation. A conservative estimate is that global income increases by approximately 0.2-0.7 per cent of initial GDP, depending on the degree of liberalisation, with trade facilitation contributing the most to these results. Overall, simulations indicate the importance of countries’ own liberalisation for national income gains and of a broad-based round of trade negotiations. In Essay 2, we analyse the mechanisms through which immigrant employees help firms overcome informal barriers to trade, based on a heterogeneous- firm trade model. By exploiting a rich employer-employee panel for Sweden, we show that immigrants’ skills and length-of-stay strongly influence their impact on firm trade. The link is also stronger for smaller firms and for differentiated goods, but similar across product margins of trade. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that immigrant employees facilitate firm trade by lowering information frictions and infusing trust into business relationships through knowledge of foreign markets and access to networks. Essay 3 is concerned with structural changes in the Swedish economy with respect to services in manufacturing. Despite suggestive evidence, large gaps remain in our knowledge about the process of servicification, a process whereby manufacturing focuses increasingly on services. We therefore analyse these changes in manufacturing in depth. The results show that manufacturing has been servicifying substantially. In Essay 4, the role of services for manufacturing firm exports is analysed The microeconometric results suggest that service inputs affect a firm’s export capabilities. Overall, Essay 4 provides new firm-level evidence for the role of services as inputs in manufacturing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. 45 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Business - Dissertations, ISSN 1654-8841 ; 23
Keyword
trade, liberalisation, WTO, CGE, trade facilitation, services, migration, employer-employee, networks, servicification, manufacturing, firm, enterprise group, deindustrialisation
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28467 (URN)978-91-7668-931-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-06-14, BIO, Forumhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-25 Created: 2013-03-25 Last updated: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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