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Is there an association between the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and criminality?
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. Addiction Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Pharmaceutical Bioscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2010 (English)In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 16, no 4, 213-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of the proposed association between anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and criminality.

Methods: The study was based on interviews and criminality data involving 32 users of AAS who had sought treatment for AAS-related problems at a psychiatric addiction clinic in Sweden. A score derived from the number of crimes, their level of severity and the relevant time periods was computed to allow comparisons between subgroups sorted according to type and timing of drug use.

Results: The criminal activity level increased for 69% of the individuals after having started to use drugs. This was particularly obvious in the group who had started its involvement with drugs by using AAS. Crimes of violence and weapon offences showed a great increase in incidence after drug use had been initiated. The study also showed a significant decrease in criminality after treatment, particularly among individuals who had started their drug use with AAS.

Conclusions: The results suggest that there is an association between the use of AAS and criminality, especially with regard to crimes of violence and weapon offences, and that this criminality may be enhanced when AAS are combined with other drugs of abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger, 2010. Vol. 16, no 4, 213-219 p.
Keyword [en]
Hormones, Anabolic-androgenic steroids, Steroids, Drugs of abuse, Crime, Violence, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychiatry Substance Abuse
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6235DOI: 10.1159/000320286ISI: 000281516700006PubMedID: 20798542OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6235DiVA: diva2:211342
Available from: 2009-04-14 Created: 2009-04-14 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Anabolic-androgenic steroid users in treatment: social background, drug use patterns, and criminality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anabolic-androgenic steroid users in treatment: social background, drug use patterns, and criminality
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2009. 98 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 28
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine; Social Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6249 (URN)978-91-7668-662-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-05-28, Wilandersalen, Universitetssjukhuset Örebro, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-04-28 Created: 2009-04-15 Last updated: 2011-05-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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