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Enhancement of microvessel tortuosity in the vastus lateralis muscle of old men in response to endurance training
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (RISPA- MEP-RG)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9831-0896
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2004 (English)In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 554, no Pt 2, 559-569 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Muscle microvascularization is usually quantified in transverse sections, in absolute terms (capillaries around fibres, CAF, or capillary-to-fibre ratio, C/F) or as CAF related to fibre area (CAF/area, CAFA). The capillary-to-fibre perimeter exchange ratio (CFPE) has been introduced in order to assess the role of the capillary-to-fibre interface in resistance to O(2) diffusion. The ratio between the length of capillaries in contact with fibres and fibre perimeter (LC/PF) has also been used as an index for capillary tortuosity. The possibility of change in capillary tortuosity with endurance training was not considered in previous studies. Consequently, this study investigated the effect of 14 weeks of endurance training on muscle microvascularization, including microvessel tortuosity, in 11 elderly men (8th decade). Microvessels were analysed using the CD31 antibody. Together with the significant increase in peak oxygen exchange and citrate synthase activity, there was a significant increase in C/F. While CFPE and CAFA remained unchanged, an important finding was the clear increase in LC/PF (56%; P < 0.001) for a same sarcomere length. We also found a strong correlation between oxidative enzyme activity and LC/PF both before and after training. These results indicate that endurance training induces significant remodelling in the microvessel network in elderly men and that an increase in the degree of microvessel tortuosity would be an important mechanism of adaptation to endurance training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 554, no Pt 2, 559-569 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Physiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science; Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6281DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2003.046953PubMedID: 14578492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6281DiVA: diva2:211711
Available from: 2009-04-17 Created: 2009-04-17 Last updated: 2016-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Kadi, Fawzi
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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More languages
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