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Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. (Center for Developmental Research)
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
2001 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 31-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Examined the relationship between bullying in school and street violence. 2,915 adolescents (aged 14-15 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning street violence, weapon carrying, violence victimization, loitering, bullying, and nights away from home. Results show that bullying others in school was strongly linked to violent behavior and weapon-carrying on the streets, both among males and females. Bullying others in school was also related to being violently victimized on the streets. Findings suggest that school bullying is in many cases a part of a more general violent and aggressive behavior pattern, and that preventive efforts targeting individuals with bullying behavior in school may decrease violence among adolescents in the community as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis , 2001. Vol. 2, no 1, p. 31-49
Keyword [en]
Aggressive Behavior, Student Characteristics, Victimization, Violence, Bullying, Weapons
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6554DOI: 10.1080/140438501317205538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6554DiVA, id: diva2:214246
Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of individual characteristics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of individual characteristics
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this dissertation is to investigate whether traits on the level of the individual are important in understanding violent, frequent antisocial behavior among adolescents. The first of the four studies included in this dissertation asks whether individual-level explanations are going to be a fruitful approach at all. The other three studies speak to the question which particular individual characteristics are related to violent, frequent antisocial behavior.

Two different large samples of 14 to 16-year-old male and female non-referred adolescents were assessed. The adolescents were mainly assessed with self-report questionnaires but information from parents and teachers was also incorporated in one of the samples.

Results show that aggressive, antisocial behavior for a subgroup of adolescents cuts across social contexts, indicating that their aggressive behavior is largely dependent on individual characteristics, more than on situational factors. It is further shown that a constellation of personality traits involving a grandiose, manipulative interpersonal disposition, callous, unemotional affective traits, and an impulsive, irresponsible behavioral style, characterizes a subgroup of antisocial adolescents who have more violent, frequent antisocial behavior than antisocial adolescents without this personality constellation. This same subgroup also shows more pronounced problem behaviors of other kinds — early behavioral problems, problems with inhibiting aggressive behaviors, and problems with hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention.

Moreover, the results show that the affective facet of this particular personality constellation, involving callous, unemotional traits, plays an important role in violent, frequent antisocial behavior independently of other antisocial-related dimensions such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and sensation seeking traits. Importantly, the main findings were similar for males and females.

It is concluded that specific personality traits are important to consider when moving further toward an understanding of violent, frequent antisocial behavior and that research on non-referred, community samples of youths can be particularly helpful for this purpose. Implications for prevention and intervention and directions for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2002. p. 61
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 1
Keyword
youths, adolescents, antisocial behavior, aggressive behavior, violent behavior, individual characteristics, personality traits, psychopathic traits, psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24 (URN)91-7668-298-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-04-26, Aulan, Örebro universitetsbibliotek, Örebro, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2002-04-26 Created: 2002-04-26 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, HenrikKerr, MargaretStattin, Håkan

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