oru.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
When do preschool conduct problems link to future social adjustment problems and when do they not?
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. (Center for Developmental Research)
2000 (English)In: Developmental science and the holistic approach / [ed] Lars R. Bergman ..., Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers , 2000, 349-375 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, with reference to the holistic, interactionist position outlined by D. Magnusson (1995) and Magnusson and H. Stattin (1998), the authors illustrate the person-context issue by means of study of antisocial development--one that treats some of the early risk conditions relevant to later social adjustment problems. They propose, first, that behavioral problems on the part of the individual child have limited long-term implications in otherwise normally functioning families. By contrast, when conduct problems co-occur with poor parent-child relationships, the risk of future social adjustment problems is far greater. If such amplification is a general developmental factor, it would be expected to apply to both sexes. /// A group of children and their parents were followed from birth to adulthood. Preschool information was analyzed about the individual child (gathered at ages 4 and 5) and parent-child relationships. Different child characteristics and context configurations were examined rather than treating behavior and family environment as separate variables. Taken as a whole, the findings suggest that a constellation of early behavioral and relational problems, not in isolation, are prognostic of future adjustment problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers , 2000. 349-375 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6564ISBN: 0-8058-3374-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6564DiVA: diva2:214278
Projects
Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Problems, Early Childhood Development, Parent Child Relations, Social Adjustment, Conduct Disorder, Early Experience, Mothers, Risk Assessment
Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2015-02-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A new look at parenting during adolescence: reciprocal interactions in everyday life
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new look at parenting during adolescence: reciprocal interactions in everyday life
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this dissertation I pose the question: Under what conditions are parent-child relationships linked to good, or bad, adolescent adjustment and under what conditions are they not?

Study I focused on subjects with multiproblematic adjustment. It was proposed that multiproblematic adjustment in adolescence (as well as in late childhood and early adulthood) has to be seen in terms of individual and family characteristics early in life. The findings confirmed the hypothesis that children characterized by both pre-school conduct problem and poor mother-child relations, later in life showed considerably more problems in different environments than did children with other combinations of conduct problems and mother relations.

Studies II-IV aimed at understanding the association between parent-child relationships and adjustment specifically during adolescence. Study II examined how parental trust could be gained, the importance of it, and how it could be linked to adolescent adjustment. Since the trust that parents expressed relative to their children was assumed to be primarily based on the knowledge parents have about their children, three possible sources of parental knowledge were examined (of child’s feelings and concerns, of past delinquency, and of daily activities) along with sources of parental knowledge itself. The results showed that parents’ knowledge of daily activities that came from the child’s spontaneous disclosure was most closely linked to their trust in their child, and parents’ trust, in turn, was associated with good parent-child relations and good adjustment on part of the adolescent. Study III examined how parental control, warmth, and communication in the parent-child relationship are associated with positive and negative adolescent adjustment. Structural equations tests of a theoretical model suggested that the link from parental warmth through parental control to adolescent adjustment was weak compared with the path from parental warmth through child disclosure to adolescent adjustment. Across informants, direct parental control was minimally important, if at all.

Study IV examined whether adolescents’ not wanting parental involvement was a normal part of the parent-child relationship during adolescence. It was shown that not wanting parents to be involved generally was a sign of poor adolescent adjustment, even when controlling for problem behaviors and family problems. Person-oriented analyses identified a group of adolescents who wanted low levels of parental involvement, who were normal in terms of family problems and behavior problems and showed evidence of healthy psychological functioning. In view of the small size of this group (11%), and the results from the analyses of linear relations, it was concluded that the combination of adolescents’ desires to manage their own free time and healthy functioning is not as normative as it is normally thought.

Overall, the results from these four studies provide a basis for taking a bi-directional approach to understanding the parent-child relationship during adolescence, and in particular examining the child’s active role in his or her development. Furthermore, two new issues were brought up in the present dissertation, 1) a new interpretation of problem aggregation and 2) a new view of the parent-child relationship during adolescence. Directions for future research, practical implications for adolescents, their parents, and the issue of generality are included in the discussion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2002. 114 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 2
Keyword
Adolescent adjustment, parent-child relationship, parenting, reciprocal interactions, psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32 (URN)91-7668-301-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-09-13, Hörsal D, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2002-09-13 Created: 2002-09-13 Last updated: 2011-06-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stattin, HåkanTrost, Kari
By organisation
Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 241 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf