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No touch vein harvesting technique for CABG improves the long-term clinical outcome
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
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2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, E-ISSN 1651-2006, Vol. 43, no 1, 63-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term clinical outcome, averaging 8.5 years, of two saphenous vein harvesting techniques for CABG; no touch (NT) versus conventional (C). DESIGN: In a randomized study, 49/52 in group NT and 44/52 in group conventional were evaluated for reangina, myocardial infarction, new revascularization, functional class, risk factors and medical treatment. The vein grafts and the native coronary arteries were correlated to the occurrence of reangina. RESULTS: There were significantly more patients free from angina and in NYHA class I (67.3 versus 43.2%; p =0.02) in group NT compared to group C. No cardiac death was found in group NT versus three in group C. There were trends towards fewer patients with cardiac death or myocardial infarction (3.8 vs. 13.4%; p =0.16), more patients free from angina (75.5 vs. 63.6%; p =0.26) and fewer patients with graft occlusion (24.3 vs. 43.2% (p =0.14) in group NT. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the NT-technique are encouraging with no cardiac deaths, significantly more asymptomatic patients and a trend towards impact on hard clinical endpoints compared to the conventional technique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Scandinavian University Press , 2009. Vol. 43, no 1, 63-68 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Surgery Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Research subject
Cardiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6938DOI: 10.1080/14017430802140104PubMedID: 18609044OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6938DiVA: diva2:219228
Available from: 2009-05-26 Created: 2009-05-26 Last updated: 2017-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. No touch vein harvesting technique for coronary artery by-pass surgery: impact on patency rate, development of atheroscleosis, left ventricular function and clinical outcome during 16 years follow-up
Open this publication in new window or tab >>No touch vein harvesting technique for coronary artery by-pass surgery: impact on patency rate, development of atheroscleosis, left ventricular function and clinical outcome during 16 years follow-up
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis was based on a prospective randomized trial which was started in 1993 to compare the no touch (NT) with the conventional (C) technique of saphenous vein harvesting for CABG.

In paper I, was demonstrated superior patency for the NT grafts at short-term (1.5 years; 95,6% vs 89%; p < 0,05) and long-term follow-up (8.5 years; 90% vs 76%; p = 0,01).

In paper II, at long-term follow-up there were significantly more patients free from recurrent angina and in NYHA-class I in the NT group (67,3% vs 43,2%; p = 0,02). In addition there was no cardiac death and a trend towards improvement of hard clinical endpoints in the NT group.

In paper III, we tested the hypothesis that the NT harvesting technique could provide a reduced progression of the atherosclerotic disease in the vein graft wall by using cineangiography and an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) assessment. At short-term follow- up, the cineangiogram showed more normal grafts in the NT group (89% vs 75%; p = 0,006). The IVUS assessment showed less mean intimal thickness (0.43 (0.07) mm vs 0.52 (0.08) mm; p = 0.03), less grafts with considerable intimal hyperplasia (>0.9 mm; 20% vs 78.6%; p = 0.011) and fewer patients with grafts containing considerable hyperplasia (>0.9 mm; 25% vs 100%; p = 0.007) for the NT vein grafts. At long-term follow-up the cineangiogram showed more normal grafts, 91.2% in the NT group compared with 83.1% in the C group; there were fewer grafts with significant stenosis, with 7.7% in the NT group compared with 15.6% in the C group. The IVUS assessment showed fewer grafts containing multiple plaques (14.8% vs 50%; p = 0.008), less advanced plaque with lipid (11.8% vs 63.9%; p = 0.0004) and less maximal plaque thickness (1.04 (0.23) mm vs 1.32 (0.25) mm; p = 0.02) in the NT vein grafts.

In paper IV, was demonstrated a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction in the NT group compared with the C group (57,9 + 9,5% vs 49,4 + 13,3%; p = 0.004) at 16 years follow-up. Also, a smaller left atrium size, a lower BNP value and fewer patients with atrial fibrillation in the NT group indicated a better left ventricular diastolic function. In conclusion: This thesis showed that the no-touch vein harvesting technique provided a superior long-term patency compared with the conventional technique due to a delayed atherosclerotic process in vein grafts. This was associated with a preserved left ventricular systolic function at 16 years follow-up period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. 47 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 87
Keyword
atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass grafting, vein grafts, no touch vein harvesting technique, intravascular ultrasound, echocardiography, clinical outcome, revascularization, outcome analysis, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, mortality, randomized trial
National Category
Surgery
Research subject
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28426 (URN)978-91-7668-928-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-05-31, Wilandersalen, Universitetssjukhuset i Örebro, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2013-03-18 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2013-08-02Bibliographically approved

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