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Osäkerhetshantering vid svårbedömda påståenden, eller konsten att ljuga övertygande, eller belysande av det källkritiska misstaget
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Coping with uncertainty when judging statements who are difficult to judge, or the art of persuasive lying, or illumination of the mistake not to examine a statement critically (English)
Abstract [sv]

Människors bedömning av svårbedömda påståendens sanningshalt studerades vid experiment (N = 38). Långa historiska påståenden skapade inte större tilltro än korta. Falska påståenden godtogs i avsevärd utsträckning som sanna. Stora individuella variationer  i tilltro/skepsis inför falska påståenden framkom. Resultatbilden tyder på att påståenden med för bedömarna väl kända sanna uppgifter (vid sidan av de felaktiga uppgifterna) blir mer accepterade som sanna och skapar större tilltro/konfidens till "sann"-bedömningar. Väl kända uppgifter kan vara lättare att kognitivt processa.

Abstract [en]

True/false-judgement of historical statements hard to judge was studied in an experiment (N = 38). Truth bias and overconfidence in one´s own judgement was found. The results suggest that well known details in false statements lead to more "true"-judgements and more overconfidence. Interindividual differences in truth bias and in overconfidence were found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
uncertainty, certainty, overconfidence, lie, lying, criticism of sources, judgement of statements, critical thinking
Keyword [sv]
osäkerhet, säkerhet, övertro, överkonfidens, lögn, ljuga, kritiskt tänkande, källkritik, källkritiska misstaget, tankefel, bedömning av påståenden, sanningsillusion
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Psychology; Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-7243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-7243DiVA: diva2:223269
Note
Studien använde 20 falska påståenden rörande historiska händelser i Sverige under de sista 1200 åren. Available from: 2009-06-15 Created: 2009-06-11 Last updated: 2009-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Edvardsson, Bo
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf