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Development and evaluation of methods for analysis of TBECH and HBCD using HRGC/HRMS and HPLC/MS/MS
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The two additive brominated flame retardants, tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (TBECH) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) are used to prevent fire to start and spread. They are simply mixed with material and are most likely to leach out in the environment, because of non-covalently binding to the material. TBECH can exist as four pairs of enantiomers, α-, β-, γ- and δ-TBECH. The technical HBCD can exist as three pairs of enantiomers, α-, β- and γ-HBCD and two meso forms δ- and ε-HBCD. None of these compounds are produced in Sweden, but they are imported to industries. TBECH has been found in Beluga blubber and can accumulate in zebrafish. HBCD has been found in water environments and can be toxic to and bioaccumulate in water-living animals.

In this study, a method was developed for separation and detection of α-, β-, γ- and δ-TBECH on HRGC/HRMS. All TBECH-isomers could be separated with the developed method. How much of the TBECH isomers that were recovered after applying existing extraction and clean-up procedures, normally applied for clean-up and extraction of PCBs and PCDD/Fs, was evaluated. Low recovered amounts (6.8-35.5 %) of TBECH-isomers added in known amounts to three different whale samples indicate severe evaporation losses and possibly photolytic degradation. None of the four enantiomers were detected in the three whale samples. For HBCD analysis, both the chromatography and MS/MS parameters were optimised for δ- and ε- HBCD yielding good chromatography and sensitivity. However, due to technical difficulties during the time-period of this project, no whale samples could be analysed for HBCD on UPLC/MS/MS. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
TBECH HBCD GC LC
National Category
Analytical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-7695ISRN: ORU-NAT/KEM-AG-2009/0001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-7695DiVA: diva2:231669
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-08-18 Created: 2009-08-16 Last updated: 2009-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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