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Deaf people’s employment and workplaces: similarities and differences in comparison with a reference population
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (Institutet för handikappvetenskap)
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (Institutet för handikappvetenskap)
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (Institutet för handikappvetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2690-6989
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 13, no 4, 327-345 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to describe and analyze the characteristics of deaf people in employment and their workplaces in Sweden. A population of 2144 people born 1941-80 who attended a school for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born 1941-80. Data on these persons consisted of registered information from the year 2005. Results showed that there are differences between the workplaces of people in the deaf and the reference population. For instance, deaf people were more commonly employed in the public sector. People in employment showed similar findings in both populations concerning sex, age and level of educational attainment: the higher the level of educational attainment, the higher the employment rate. However, deaf people more often had a higher level of educational attainment than was required for their occupation, which is an indication of discrimination in the labour market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 4, 327-345 p.
Keyword [en]
deaf, employment, workplace, occupation level, Sweden
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Disability Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10387DOI: 10.1080/15017419.2010.507375OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-10387DiVA: diva2:310698
Available from: 2010-04-15 Created: 2010-04-15 Last updated: 2016-12-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Deaf people and the labour market in Sweden: education - employment - economy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deaf people and the labour market in Sweden: education - employment - economy
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on deaf people’s educational attainment, position on the labour market and sources of revenue. These issues are interrelated, for instance a higher level of educational attainment seems to be associated with a lower unemployment rate and higher levels of income. The national context is Sweden and the Swedish welfare state in 2005.

All studies in the thesis compare a deaf population, consisting of 2,144 persons born between 1941 and 1980 who have attended a school for the deaf in Sweden, with a general reference population, consisting of 100,000 randomly chosen persons from the total Swedish population born between 1941 and 1980. Data for all studies consisted of registered information about the persons in the year 2005.

The results show that there are differences between the deaf and the reference population regarding level of educational attainment, position on the labour market and sources of revenue and disposable income, with the deaf population having a poorer position than the reference population in all areas. There are also differences between the workplaces of the deaf and the people in the reference population, and it is twice as common for people in the deaf population than for people in the reference population to have a higher level of educational attainment than is required for their occupation.

These differences between the deaf and the reference population cannot be associated with differences in the independent factors, as for instance sex, age and immigration background, for which the results have been adjusted. This thesis shows that being part of the deaf population appears to be of importance. Factors in conjunction with deafness that can increase our understanding of the differences between the deaf and the reference populations in an educational context, labour market context and economic context are discussed in the thesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2010. 68 p.
Series
Studies from The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 32
Keyword
deaf, deafness, labour market, employment, workplace, level of educational attainment, disposable income, sources of revenue, register-based information
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Disability Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10389 (URN)978-91-7668-728-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-05-12, Hörsal L2, Örebro universitet, 701 82, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-04-15 Created: 2010-04-15 Last updated: 2011-04-27Bibliographically approved

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