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Nytt ljus över dagbesvär vid insomni: spelar psykologiska processer en underskattad roll?
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study examined the psychological processes of autonomic arousal and distress, erroneous beliefs about sleep, worry about sleep, selective attention and monitoring and safety behaviours related to sleep, on the subject of daytime impairments associated with insomnia. The psychological processes were evaluated against as follows: sleep measures, anxiety, depression, medical disease and the use of medications. The measure daytime impairments complied with the established research diagnostic criteria. A correlation analysis indicated that psychological process, anxiety, depression and one of the sleep measures are associated with daytime impairments. The results of a multiple regression analysis proved that only erroneous beliefs about sleep, worry about sleep and safety behaviours related to sleep are linked to daytime impairments associated with insomnia. An influential mechanism taking part in the psychological processes appears to be catastrophic thinking concerning personal sleep. One crucial clinical conclusion is that treatments for daytime impairments associated with insomnia should focus more on the relevant psychological processes, rather than on the particular sleep difficulties.

Abstract [sv]

Studien undersökte de psykologiska processerna autonom aktivering, föreställningar om sömn, oro relaterat till sömn, selektiv uppmärksamhet/upptagenhet och sömnrelaterade säkerhetsbeteenden i förhållande till dagbesvär vid insomni. De psykologiska processerna kontrollerades mot sömnmått, ångest, depression, medicinsk sjukdom och läkemedelsanvändning. Dagbesvär operationaliserades utifrån vedertagna diagnostiska forskningskriterier. Korrelationsanalys visade att samtliga psykologiska processer, ångest, depression och ett sömnmått har samband med dagbesvär. Multipel regression gav resultatet att endast de psykologiska processerna föreställningar om sömn, oro relaterat till sömn och sömnrelaterade säkerhetsbeteenden har ett samband med dagbesvär. En viktig mekanism inom de psykologiska processerna tycks vara katastroftankar om den egna sömnen. En slutsats av klinisk betydelse är att behandlingar av dagbesvär vid insomni i högre grad bör fokusera på relevanta psykologiska processer än på de direkta sömnbesvären.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 58 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10951ISRN: ORU-JPS/PSY-AG-2010/0011--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-10951DiVA: diva2:322511
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-11-05 Created: 2010-06-07 Last updated: 2010-11-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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