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Parental attitudes and behaviour concerning adolescent alcohol consumption: do sociodemographic factors matter?
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6633-1636
Department of Community Medicine, Örebro County Council .
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0185-0851
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, no 5, 509-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: Parental attitudes and behaviour with regard to young people and alcohol are associated with teenagers' drinking behaviour. This study examined the association between sociodemographic factors among parents and parental attitudes and behaviour with regard to alcohol and adolescents. Methods: Postal questionnaires were sent to parents of children aged 12—16 years in six Swedish municipalities. Seven hundred and ninety-five parents were included in the study. Seven sociodemographic factors and four questions identifying parental attitudes and behaviour were examined. Logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios and confidence intervals. Results: The study showed that fathers were more likely than mothers to report that children had been drinking or tasting alcohol at home. Parents who answered the questionnaire together also stated that their children had been served alcohol at home to a larger extent than mothers. Fathers, single parents and parents with older children were more likely to have non-restrictive attitudes towards adolescents and alcohol than mothers, parents living in a household with more than one adult, and parents with younger children. Factors such as age of the parents, employment status and numbers of children in the household were not associated with either parental attitudes or behaviour. Conclusions: The sex of the responding parent was the only sociodemographic factor that was associated with both parental attitudes and behaviour. Fathers were more likely than mothers to have a non-restrictive attitude. The fathers also reported to a greater extent than mothers that children had been drinking or tasting alcohol at home.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Taylor & Francis , 2009. Vol. 37, no 5, 509-517 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, alcohol, attitude, parent, sociodemographic
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11627DOI: 10.1177/1403494809105790ISI: 000267558100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-11627DiVA: diva2:345165
Available from: 2010-08-24 Created: 2010-08-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Parents' possibility to prevent underage drinking: studies of parents, a parental support program, and adolescents in the context of a national program to support NGOs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents' possibility to prevent underage drinking: studies of parents, a parental support program, and adolescents in the context of a national program to support NGOs
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Underage drinking is common among Swedish adolescents and is related to problems for individuals, families, and society. From a public health perspective, it is of great importance that knowledge be gained about alcohol prevention. The overall aim of this thesis is, within the context of a national support program for NGOs, to study parents, a parental support program, and adolescents with regard to preventing underage drinking.  The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW) has a government commission to distribute funds to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for alcohol and drug prevention efforts. Study I of the thesis describes and analyses this program with a special emphasis on research and development for an evidence-based practice. It is a research strategy case study with 135 projects and 14 embedded in-depth studies. The results reveal that this program to support NGOs has been successful in engaging a wide range of NGOs in prevention efforts. A trustful partnership between practitioners, national agencies, and researchers has also been developed, which has improved the quality and results of the different projects. Studies II, III, IV, and V all used data from a longitudinal questionnaire study with parents and adolescents within one of the 14 in-depth studies: the study of IOGT-NTO’s parental program Strong and Clear. Additional data, such as telephone interviews and other parental questionnaires, are also used.  Study II aims to analyse the significance of socio-demographic factors for parental attitudes and behaviour regarding adolescent alcohol consumption to see if any group of parents is especially important for intervention efforts. The results showed that fathers were more likely than mothers to have non-restrictive attitudes towards underage drinking and to have children who had drunk or tasted alcohol at home. Study III examines reasons for non-participation in the program. Parents with a low educational level were found more likely to be non-participants than highly educated parents. When parents stated their reasons for non-participation it emerged that they did not perceive a need for the intervention and that there were practical obstacles to their participation. Study IV is an effect study of Strong and Clear and showed that the program contributed to maintaining parents’ restrictive attitude toward underage drinking, postponing alcohol debut, and preventing drunkenness among the adolescents. Study V, only presented in the thesis, examined parents’ perceptions about Strong and Clear. Parents primarily thought it had led to their speaking more often about alcohol with their children, and had been a help in this conversation. Many also stated that the program had influenced their ability to set limits for their children. The school and IOGT-NTO were considered as suitable providers of Strong and Clear. This thesis showed that a national support program for NGOs including research and development contributes to a more evidence-based public health practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2010. 136 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 29
Keyword
Non-governmental organizations, alcohol, adolescents, underage drinking, prevention, parents, parental support
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11294 (URN)978-91-7668-748-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-10-01, Hörsal G, Gymnastikhuset, Fakultetsgatan, Örebro universitet, 701 82 Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-06-30 Created: 2010-06-30 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Pettersson, CamillaLindén-Boström, MargaretaEriksson, Charli

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