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Knowledge and attitudes toward seeking medical care for AMI-symptoms
Uppsala Clinical Research Center, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit MI, United States; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Institution of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2011 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 147, no 2, p. 224-227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Time is crucial when an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs, but patients often wait before seeking medical care.

Aim: To investigate and compare patients' and relatives' knowledge of AMI, attitudes toward seeking medical care, and intended behaviour if AMI-symptoms occur.

Methods: The present study was a descriptive, multicentre study. Participants were AMI-patients <= 75 years (n = 364) and relatives to AMI-patients (n = 319). Questionnaires were used to explore the participants' knowledge of AMI and attitudes toward seeking medical care.

Results: Both patients and relatives appeared to act more appropriate to someone else's chest pain than to their own. Patients did not have better knowledge of AMI-symptoms than relatives. Women would more often contact someone else before seeking medical care. A greater percentage of elderly (65-75 years), compared to younger individuals, reported that they would call for an ambulance if chest pain occurred.

Conclusions: There were only minor differences between patients and relatives, regarding both knowledge and attitudes. It seems easier to act correctly as a bystander than as a patient. Therefore, in order to decrease patients' delay time it is important to educate relatives as well as patients on how to respond to symptoms of an AMI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 147, no 2, p. 224-227
Keywords [en]
Myocardial infarction; Knowledge; Attitude; Decision making; Patient; Family
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11788DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.08.019ISI: 000287480200014PubMedID: 19853936Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79951950043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-11788DiVA, id: diva2:349831
Note

Funding Agencies:

Uppsala County Association against Heart and Lung Diseases  

Swedish Society of Nursing  

Department of Cardiology at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden 

Available from: 2010-09-08 Created: 2010-09-08 Last updated: 2018-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Thuresson, Marie

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