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Dietary fat intake predicts 1-year change in body fat in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes
Örebro University, School of Medicine, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1440-9961
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, U.K. .
Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine. Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
2006 (English)In: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 29, no 6, 1227-1230 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether objectively measured physical activity and dietary macronutrient intake differentially predict body fat in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes and control girls.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study comprised 23 girls (12-19 years) with type 1 diabetes and 19 age-matched healthy control girls. At baseline, physical activity and energy intake were assessed for 7 consecutive days by accelerometry and a structured food diary, respectively. Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and after 1 year.

RESULTS: Fat intake was positively related to a 1-year change in percentage body fat (P = 0.006), after adjustment for total energy intake. No significant interaction was observed (case-control group x main exposure), indicating that the association between fat intake and gain in body fat was similar in both groups. Physical activity did not predict gain in body fat; however, total physical activity was positively associated with a gain in lean body mass (P < 0.01). Girls treated with six daily dosages of insulin increased their percentage of body fat significantly more than those treated with four daily injections (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective case-control study, we found that fat intake predicted gain in percentage of body fat in both adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes and healthy control girls. The number of daily insulin injections seems to influence the accumulation of body fat in girls with type 1 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 29, no 6, 1227-1230 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Endocrinology and Diabetes Pediatrics
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12065DOI: 10.2337/dc05-2318PubMedID: 16732000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-12065DiVA: diva2:355141
Available from: 2010-10-05 Created: 2010-10-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Särnblad, StefanEkelund, UlfÅman, Jan

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School of Medicine, Örebro University, SwedenSchool of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, SwedenDepartment of Clinical Medicine
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