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Association between intake of dietary protein and 3-year-change in body growth among normal and overweight 6-year-old boys and girls (CoSCIS)
Univ Limburg, Dept Human Biol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands; TI Food & Nutr, NL-6700 AN Wageningen, Netherlands.
Univ Copenhagen Hosp, Res Unit Dietary Studies, Inst Prevent Med, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
Univ Limburg, Dept Human Biol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands; TI Food & Nutr, NL-6700 AN Wageningen, Netherlands.
Univ Limburg, Dept Human Biol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands; TI Food & Nutr, NL-6700 AN Wageningen, Netherlands.
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2010 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 647-653Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Growth hormone (GH) affects linear growth and body composition, by increasing the secretion of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), muscle protein synthesis and lipolysis. The intake of protein (PROT) as well as the specific amino acids arginine (ARG) and lysine (LYS) stimulates GH/IGF-I secretion. The present paper aimed to investigate associations between PROT intake as well as intake of the specific amino acids ARG and LYS, and subsequent 3-year-change in linear growth and body composition among 6-year-old children.

Design: Children's data were collected from Copenhagen (Denmark), during 2001-2002, and again 3 years later. Boys and girls were separated into normal weight and overweight, based on BMI quintiles. Fat-free mass index (FFMI) and fat mass index (FMI) were calculated. Associations between change (Delta) in height, FMI and FFMI, respectively, and habitual PROT intake as well as ARG and LYS were analysed by multiple linear regressions, adjusted for baseline height, FMI or FFMI and energy intake, age, physical activity and socio-economic status.

Setting: Eighteen schools in two suburban communities in the Copenhagen (Denmark) area participated in the study. SUBJECTS: In all, 223 children's data were collected for the present study.

Results: High ARG intake was associated with linear growth (beta = 1.09 (se 0.54), P = 0.05) among girls. Furthermore, in girls, DeltaFMI had a stronger inverse association with high ARG intake, if it was combined with high LYS intake, instead of low LYS intake (P = 0.03). No associations were found in boys.

Conclusion: In prepubertal girls, linear growth may be influenced by habitual ARG intake and body fat gain may be relatively prevented over time by the intake of the amino acids ARG and LYS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Vol. 13, no 5, p. 647-653
Keyword [en]
Arginine, body composition, height, lysine, protein
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Health and Environmental Health Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12134DOI: 10.1017/S1368980009991510ISI: 000277379500008PubMedID: 19758483Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77954218841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-12134DiVA: diva2:355689
Available from: 2010-10-07 Created: 2010-10-07 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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