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Hydrolytic Deamination of 5,6-Dihydrocytosine in a Protic Medium: A Theoretical Study
CEA, UJF, Lab Les Acides Nucle,INAC,SCIB,UMR E 3, CEA Grenoble, Grenoble, France.
CEA, UJF, Lab Les Acides Nucle,INAC,SCIB,UMR E 3, CEA Grenoble, Grenoble, France.
CEA, UJF, Lab Les Acides Nucle,INAC,SCIB,UMR E 3, CEA Grenoble, Grenoble, France.
CEA, UJF, Lab Les Acides Nucle,INAC,SCIB,UMR E 3, CEA Grenoble, Grenoble, France.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 114, no 4, p. 1826-1834Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mechanism for the deamination reaction of 5,6-dihydrocytosine with H2O in a protic medium was investigated by DFT calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level of theory as a model reaction for the deamination reaction of 5,6-saturated cytosine derivatives. Two pathways were found. Pathway dhA, which can explain the deamination in it protic Medium at acidic pH, and pathway dhBt, more representative of the reaction in a protic medium at neutral pH. Pathway dhA is a two-step mechanism initiated by the nucleophilic addition of a water molecule to carbon C4 of N3-protonated 5,6-dihydrocytosine with the assistance of a second water molecule, followed by elimination of ail ammonium cation to form 5.6-dihydrouracil. The nucleophilic addition is rate-determining, with ail activation free energy of 116.0 kJ/mol in aqueous solution. Pathway dhBt is a four-step mechanism which starts with the water-assisted tautomerization of 5,6-dihydrocytosine to form the imino tautomer. This intermediate undergoes nucleophilic addition of water to carbon C4, which after protonation eliminates ail ammonium cation, as in pathway dhA. The nucleophilic addition is again rate-determining, with ail activation free energy of 113.3 kJ/mol in aqueous solution. The latter value is about 25 kJ/mol lower than its Counterpart for cytosine, in agreement with the experimental observation that 5,6-saturated cytosine derivatives exhibit a much shorter lifetime in aqueous solution than their unsaturated Counterparts. The evaluation of reactivity indices derived from conceptual DFT leads to the conclusion that this lower activation free energy can be attributed to a larger local electrophilic power of carbon C4 in 5.6-saturated derivatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 114, no 4, p. 1826-1834
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Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-13027DOI: 10.1021/jp9049044ISI: 000273948100028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-13027DiVA, id: diva2:382752
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Leif A.

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