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It takes three: selection, influence, and de-selection processes of depression in adolescent friendship networks
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0185-8805
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)
Research Centre for Adolescent Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
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2010 (English)In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 927-938Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors of this study tested a selection influence de-selection model of depression. This model explains friendship influence processes (i.e., friends' depressive symptoms increase adolescents' depressive symptoms) while controlling for two processes: friendship selection (i.e., selection of friends with similar levels of depressive symptoms) and friendship de-selection (i.e., de-selection of friends with dissimilar levels of depressive symptoms). Further, this study is unique in that these processes were studied both inside and outside the school context. The authors used a social network approach to examine 5 annual measurements of data in a large (N = 847) community-based network of adolescents and their friends (M = 14.3 years old at first measurement). Results supported the proposed model: adolescents tend to select friends with similar levels of depression, and friends may increase each other's depressive symptoms as relationships endure. These two processes were most salient outside the school context. At the same time, friendships seemed to be ended more frequently if adolescents' level of depressive symptoms was dissimilar to that of their friends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 46, no 4, p. 927-938
Keywords [en]
depressive symptoms, friendships, social networks, de-selection
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12923DOI: 10.1037/a0019661ISI: 000279337100014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-12923DiVA, id: diva2:383293
Available from: 2011-01-04 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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van Zalk, Maarten Herman WalterKerr, MargaretStattin, Håkan

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