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Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers and Their Hydroxylated Analogues in Ringed Seals (Phoca hispida) from Svalbard and the Baltic Sea
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6217-8857
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2009 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 3494-3499Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the concentrations and patterns of PBDEs and hydroxylated (OH) PBDE analogues in two ringed seal populations: less contaminated Svalbard and more contaminated Baltic Sea. Mean concentration of hepatic Sigma-PBDE, which was dominated by BDE47, was six times higher in the ringed seals from the Baltic Sea compared to the seals from Svalbard. BDE47/Sigma-PBDE was higher in the seals from Svalbard compared to that for Baltic seals, while the trend was opposite for BDE153 and 154. The geographical difference in contaminant pattern of PBDEs in ringed seals could be explained by biotransformation via oxidative metabolism and/or by dietary differences. OH-PBDEs were detectable in the majority of plasma samples from both locations, and dominated by bioaccumulation of naturally occurring congeners. Low levels of 3-OH-BDE47 and 4'-OH-BDE49 in the Baltic ringed seals suggested minor oxidative biotransformation of BDE47. In the Baltic seals, BDE153/Sigma-PBDEs and BDE154/Sigma-PBDEs increased and BDE28/Sigma-PBDE decreased with increasing Sigma-POP concentration, which suggests BDE153 and 154 are more persistent than BDE28. Contrasting diets of the ringed seals in these two locations may influence the PBDE congener pattern due to selective long-range transport and direct effluent emissions to Svalbard and the Baltic, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 10, p. 3494-3499
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-13321DOI: 10.1021/es900211uISI: 000266046700018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-13321DiVA, id: diva2:387563
Available from: 2011-01-14 Created: 2011-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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van Bavel, Bert

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