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How do minors succeed in buying beer in Sweden?
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (Forskarteamet för utvärdering av frivilligorganisationers alkohol- och drogförebyggande arbete (FUFAD))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (Forskarteamet för utvärdering av frivilligorganisationers alkohol- och drogförebyggande arbete (FUFAD))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0185-0851
2008 (English)In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 25, no 2, 115-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study examines the compliance with the law against selling beer to under-aged persons in Sweden. It also analyses determinants of compliance and the importance of checking IDs. The paper also aims to reveal the strategies used by youths when purchasing beer.

Methods & Data: The study is the result of a close collaboration between the Swedish Youth Temperance Movement (UNF) and researchers at Örebro University. UNF has been responsible for the purchase attempts, and the research team for the analyses. The data consists of 681 purchase attempts in seven cities in Sweden during 2003-2004.

Results: Almost half of the purchase attempts made by under-aged persons (14-17 years old) resulted in successfully buying beer. The study reveals that the genders of the check-out clerk and the buyer are significant with regard to both selling/buying beer and asking for ID. The proportion of sales was significantly higher among girls than boys, both in total and when they were asked for ID first.

Conclusions: The study shows that under-aged teenagers succeed in purchasing beer in Sweden despite the present legislation. Some succeed because of the tricks they use, and some because of the check-out clerk’s negligence. The procedure used in the present study – letting under-aged persons attempt to purchase beer – resembles the situation for ordinary teenagers trying to buy beer under normal circumstances.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte:

Denna studie undersöker följsamheten hos lagen som förbjuder försäljning av folköl till minderåriga personer. Den analyserar följsamhetens bestämningsfaktorer och vikten av att kontrollera legitimationer. Artikeln syftar också till att undersöka ungdomars strategier vid inköp av folköl.

Metoder och data:

Studien är resultatet av ett nära samarbete mellan Ungdomens nykterhetsförbund (UNF) och forskare vid Örebro universitet. UNF har ansvarat för provköpen och forskarteamet för analyserna. Data består av 681 provköp i sju svenska städer 2003-2004.

Resultat:

Nära hälften av alla provköp gjorda av minderåriga personer (14-17 år gamla) resulterade i att de fick köpa folköl. Studien visar att könen hos personalen i kassan och köparna har signifikant betydelse för såväl försäljning/köp och kontroll av legitimation. En signifikant högre andel av flickorna fick köpa folköl än bland pojkarna, både totalt och när de blev tillfrågade om legitimation.

Sammanfattning:

Studien visar att minderåriga tonåringar lyckas köpa folköl i Sverige trots den svenska lagstiftningen. Några lyckas på grund av de trick de använder sig av och några som följd av kassapersonalens nonchalans. Proceduren som använts i denna studie - att låta minderåriga genomföra provköp - är snarlik en typisk situation när ungdomar försöker köpa öl.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: STAKES , 2008. Vol. 25, no 2, 115-127 p.
Keyword [en]
Sweden, adolescents, beer, purchase attempts, NGOs
Keyword [sv]
Ungdomar, folköl, provköp, frivilligorganisationer, UNF
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6845DiVA: diva2:388392
Available from: 2011-01-18 Created: 2009-05-15 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The non-governmental organization as a health promoting setting: examples from alcohol prevention projects conducted in the context of national support to NGOs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The non-governmental organization as a health promoting setting: examples from alcohol prevention projects conducted in the context of national support to NGOs
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2012. 131 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 40
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24174 (URN)978-91-7668-881-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-28, Hörsal G, Gymnastikhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-07-30 Last updated: 2015-02-20Bibliographically approved

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