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Who benefits from chatting, and why?: the roles of extraversion and supportiveness in online chatting and emotional adjustment
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0185-8805
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2011 (English)In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, ISSN 0146-1672, E-ISSN 1552-7433, Vol. 37, no 9, p. 1202-1215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study aimed to provide more insight into the role of online chatting in young adults’ emotional adjustment. A model was tested that takes into account (a) extraversion of individuals who communicate online, (b) the kind of peers these individuals communicate with online (i.e., online-exclusive peers vs. friends), and (c) the extent to which effects of online chatting on emotional adjustment are mediated by individuals’ ability to provide support to others. Young adults (age M = 18.9) filled out questionnaires about themselves and their fellow students at three measurements with a 4-month interval. Results showed that only for less extraverted individuals, chatting with peers found exclusively online directly predicted higher self-esteem and indirectly predicted less depressive symptoms through increases in supportiveness. Thus, results supported a model of social compensation where effects of online chatting with online-exclusive peers improved young adults’ emotional adjustment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2011. Vol. 37, no 9, p. 1202-1215
Keywords [en]
Online chatting, extraversion, social compensation, depression, self-esteem
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-17025DOI: 10.1177/0146167211409053ISI: 000293081600005PubMedID: 21673194Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79960741908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-17025DiVA, id: diva2:439355
Available from: 2011-09-07 Created: 2011-09-02 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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van Zalk, Maarten H. W.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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