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GWAS Findings for Human Iris Patterns: Associations with Variants in Genes that Influence Normal Neuronal Pattern Development
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
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2011 (English)In: American Journal of Human Genetics, ISSN 0002-9297, E-ISSN 1537-6605, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 334-343Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human iris patterns are highly variable. The origins of this variation are of interest in the study of iris-related eye diseases and forensics, as well as from an embryological developmental perspective, with regard to their possible relationship to fundamental processes of neurodevelopment. We have performed genome-wide association scans on four iris characteristics (crypt frequency, furrow contractions, presence of peripupillary pigmented ring, and number of nevi) in three Australian samples of European descent. Both the discovery (n = 2121) and replication (n = 499 and 73) samples showed evidence for association between (1) crypt frequency and variants in the axonal guidance gene SEMA3A (p = 6.6 x 10(-11)), (2) furrow contractions and variants within the cytoskeleton gene TRAF3IP1 (p = 2.3 x 10(-12)), and (3) the pigmented ring and variants in the well-known pigmentation gene SLC24A4 (p = 7.6 x 10(-21)). These replicated findings individually accounted for around 1.5%-3% of the variance for these iris characteristics. Because both SEMA3A and TRAFIP1 are implicated in pathways that control neurogenesis, neural migration, and synaptogenesis, we also examined the evidence of enhancement among such genes, finding enrichment for crypts and furrows. These findings suggest that genes involved in normal neuronal pattern development may also influence tissue structures in the human iris.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 89, no 2, p. 334-343
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Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-18670DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2011.07.011ISI: 000294148800015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-18670DiVA, id: diva2:444850
Available from: 2011-09-30 Created: 2011-09-29 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Mats

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