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Individual assessment of intake of energy, nutrients and water in 54 elderly multidiseased nursing-home residents
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1592-8835
2003 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Examination of the individual intake of energy, nutrients and water in clinically stable multidiseased nursing-home residents.

METHODS: Comprehensive clinical assessment of 54 elderly nursing-home residents (80 +/- 10 years, mean +/- SD). The intake of food and beverages was measured by the weighed food intake method during five consecutive week days followed by computerized transformation to energy, 21 different nutrients, dietary fiber, alcohol and water. The resting energy expenditure was determined by indirect calorimetry.

RESULTS: There was at least 2-3-fold, variation in intake of energy, nutrients and water, present also when expressed per kg body weight. For some micronutrients the relative intake variation was more than 8-fold. The results are compared with the present swedish recommended dietary allowances as well as with seven other studies of dietary intake in elderly using the weighed food intake method. The residents had on average 14.1 (range 6-31) different current clinical problems and were treated with a mean of 9.5 different drugs. The nursing staff spent 40 % of the total daytime working hours (7 am to 7 pm) on nutrition related issues.

CONCLUSIONS: The nursing-home residents exhibited a large interindividual heterogeneity regarding intake of energy, nutrients and water. More emphasis should be given to individualized nutrition assessment in clinical geriatric care as a more solid base for nutrition treatment programmes integrated with the regular medical management and evaluation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-20210PubMedID: 12679834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-20210DiVA, id: diva2:452895
Available from: 2011-10-31 Created: 2011-10-29 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Akner, Gunnar

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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