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Coaching by gaming: an instructor perspective of game-based vocational training
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Military organisations have a long history of using games for training. Over the years, they have developed training practices involving role-play, simulations, puckstering and gaming. Most researchers in serious games, i.e. games used for non-entertainment purposes, focus their studies on the learners. This licentiate thesis, instead, takes a closer look on the roles of instructors in game-based training situations, specifically at the Swedish Land Warfare Centre. Through a mix of theoretical and empirical studies, training practices were scrutinised, resulting in a framework for gamebased vocational training. A key element of this framework is the coaching by gaming perspective in which instructors give un-intrusive, formative feedback through role-play and gameplay. Another important aspect of the framework involves dynamic debriefing. These insights points to specific needs for system support for instructors involved in game-based training. They also emphasise the fact that serious gaming is a highly contextualised activity made up of more than the game and the players

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2011. , 56 p.
Series
Studies from the School of Science and Technology at Örebro University, 20
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Computer and Systems Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-20756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-20756DiVA: diva2:474545
Note

Anna-Sofia Alklind Taylor is also affiliated to University of Skövde, Sweden.

Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Letting the students create and the teacher play: expanding the roles in serious gaming
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Letting the students create and the teacher play: expanding the roles in serious gaming
2011 (English)In: MindTrek'11: Proceedings of the 15th International Academic MindTrek Conference: Envisioning Future Media Environments, New York: ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education, 2011, 63-70 p.Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Military organisations have a long history of using games for training. Over the years, they have developed training practices involving role-play, simulations, puckstering and gaming. Most researchers in serious games, i.e. games used for non-entertainment purposes, focus their studies on the learners. This licentiate thesis, instead, takes a closer look on the roles of instructors in game-based training situations, specifically at the Swedish Land Warfare Centre. Through a mix of theoretical and empirical studies, training practices were scrutinised, resulting in a framework for gamebased vocational training. A key element of this framework is the coaching by gaming perspective in which instructors give un-intrusive, formative feedback through role-play and gameplay. Another important aspect of the framework involves dynamic debriefing. These insights points to specific needs for system support for instructors involved in game-based training. They also emphasise the fact that serious gaming is a highly contextualised activity made up of more than the game and the players.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education, 2011
Keyword
Coaching cycle, debriefing, game-based training, instructor roles, player roles, puckstering, serious games, serious gaming, system support
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-20749 (URN)10.1145/2181037.2181049 (DOI)978-1-4503-0816-8 (ISBN)
Conference
MindTrek 2011, Tampere, Finland, September 28-30, 2011
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. Introducing the coaching cycle: a coaching by gaming perspective of serious gaming
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introducing the coaching cycle: a coaching by gaming perspective of serious gaming
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Military organizations have a long history of using simulations, role-play and games for training. This also encompasses good practices concerning how instructors utilize games and gaming behavior. Unfortunately, the work of instructors is rarely described explicitly in research relating to serious gaming. Decision makers also tend to have overconfidence in the pedagogical power in games and simulations, where the instructor is taken out of the gaming loop. We propose a framework, the coaching cycle, that focuses on the roles of instructors. The roles include instructors acting as game players. The fact that the instructors take a more active part in all training activities will further improve learning. The coaching cycle integrates theories of experiential learning (where action precedes theory) and deliberate practice (where the trainee’s skill is constantly challenged by a coach). Incorporating a coaching by gaming perspective complicates, but also strengthens, the player-centered design approach to game development in that you need to take into account two different types of players: trainees and instructor. Furthermore, we argue that the coaching cycle allows for a shift of focus to more thorough debriefing, since it implies that learning of theoretical material before simulation/game playing is kept to a minimum. This shift will increase the transfer of knowledge.

National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Computer and Systems Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-20754 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2012-12-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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