oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Drive for dough: PGA Tour golfers tee shot accuracy, distance and hole score
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Box 5626, 11486 Stockholm, Sweden.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A player's ability to score low is critical to the tournament outcome in golf. The relations of round scores to fairways hit in regulation or striking distance on two holes per round have been investigated before with some disagreements. The purpose is therefore to examine the relations of hole scores to tee shot accuracy employing several categories and striking distance on par-4 and par-5 holes. The best US PGA tour players' statistics during a season are used, provided by the PGA Tour and ShotLink. Accuracy is categorized as hits of fairway, semi-rough, rough, fairway bunker, water hazard or unplayable, and out of bounds or lost. Distance was measured with laser cameras. It is concluded that the ability to hit the ball with high accuracy and a long distance is strongly correlated with low hole scores. Furthermore, the type of fairway miss is relevant to consider as well as striking distance in relation to the distance of the hole.

Keywords [en]
Golf, PGA tour, striking distance, functional accuracy, score
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21335OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-21335DiVA, id: diva2:483871
Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Expert performance in golf
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expert performance in golf
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The competition in elite golf is fierce. Players therefore often have psychological, physical, and technical experts supporting them. The associations between these experts focus areas and how they relate to the playing results are valuable to understand, in order to create more effective training programs. The aim of this thesis is therefore to investigate the relationships between physique, technique, and playing results in golf, and to integrate these findings with psychological research on elite golfers.

Two review studies (A and B) and three empirical studies (I, II, and III) are included. Study A and B provide a theoretical foundation where the relationship of psychological, physiological, and technical variables to playing results is reviewed. The empirical studies (Study I, II, and III) were selected based on the findings in the reviews and the applied needs.

Study I shows that some stability test results are strongly correlated to swing technique. Study II found that strength tests as measured in absolute strength or power are strongly correlated to clubhead speed for elite players, but relative strength (percentage of body mass) is not. Study III used PGA Tour ShotLink statistics collected over a year to investigate tee shot accuracy, striking distance, and hole scores. It was found that the ability to hit the ball with high accuracy and a long distance is strongly correlated with low hole scores. Furthermore, the type of fairway miss is relevant to consider as well as striking distance in relation to the distance of the hole.

These results may be used to make gap and needs profiles. Task, personal, and environmental variables should also be considered before giving training advice based on test results. Future studies should further investigate the causality between key areas and playing results, and test the validity of models that may be used to analyze and set goals for elite golfers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2012. p. 92
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 16
Keywords
Golf, professional, world-class, expert, psychology, physique, technique, game statistics, tournament
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21337 (URN)978-91-7668-851-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-02-22, Hörsal G, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

The Swedish National Center for Research in Sports (CIF) and The Swedish Golf Federation financially supported this doctoral dissertation. US PGA Tour and ShotLink supported Study III by collecting and sorting a large amount of game statistical data.

Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Hellström, John

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hellström, John
By organisation
School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
Medical and Health SciencesSport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 208 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf