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Green cars sterilize congestion charges: a model analysis of the reduced impact of Stockholm road tolls
Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University. (Nationalekonomi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1172-1076
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. (Nationalekonomi)
2012 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 21, p. 110-118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Before–after comparisons indicate that the impact of the road toll in Stockholm on traffic volumes was smaller when the system was re-opened in 2007, compared to the effect during the trial in 2006. We calibrate a modal-choice model on data for Stockholm from before and during the trial and use it to simulate the effects of some seemingly subtle changes of the design of the congestion-charge scheme. We find that the growth of the share of exempted “green” cars and the decision to make charges deductible from the income tax was about to considerably reduce the positive welfare effect of the toll at the time when the “green” car exemption was abolished.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 21, p. 110-118
Keywords [en]
Congestion pricing; Equity effects; Modal choice
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21965DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.03.001ISI: 000305722300013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84860630970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-21965DiVA, id: diva2:507428
Available from: 2012-03-05 Created: 2012-03-05 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Transport and environment incentive policy instruments: effects and interactions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transport and environment incentive policy instruments: effects and interactions
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation studies issues related to the evaluation of the effects and interactions of transport and environmental incentive policy instruments. Essay 1: Green cars sterilize congestion charges: a model analysis of the reduced impact of Stockholm road tolls calibrates a modal-choice model with data from the Stockholm road toll and uses it to study the sensitivity of congestion toll effects to some seemly subtle changes in the toll system design and external circumstances. Essay 2: The impact of consistent internalization of external effects of transport and manufacturing – a CGE analysis of Sweden uses a static, small open-economy Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model of the Swedish economy to study the impact of the consistent internalization of external effects of transport and manufacturing. We examine and compare the effects and tradeoffs of different policy reforms on domestic emissions reduction, carbon leakage, macroeconomic variables, social welfare, government budget, and transport demand. Essay 3: Estimating the value of transport time savings for freight transport: a simultaneous decision model of the choices of transport mode and shipment size applies a simultaneous decision model of the choices of transport mode and shipment size to study the value of transport time savings (VTTS) of Swedish shippers for four commodity groups: agricultural goods, forest goods, mining goods, and manufactured goods. Essay 4: Estimating the additionality of the Swedish climate subsidy program – Klimp studies an important issue related to the climate subsidy program – additionality. We estimate the probability that a subsidized project would have been implemented in the absence of the subsidy to assess the additionalityof the Klimp program

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. p. 26
Series
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 24
Keywords
Congestion pricing, Equity effects, Modal choice, Social marginal cost, Externalities, Transport taxation, Carbon tax, Carbon leakage, Computable General Equilibrium Model, VTTS, Simultaneous decision model, Random utility model, Logistics cost minimization, Additionality, Klimp, Climate subsidy program, Subsidy, CDM
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31900 (URN)978-91-7668-977-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-11-22, Hörsal L3, Långhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, 701 82 Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-11 Created: 2013-10-11 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Hultkrantz, LarsLiu, Xing

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