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The KAP evaluation of intervention on fall-induced injuries among elders in a safe community in Shanghai, China
Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, School of Public Health, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Department of Public Health Science)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, School of Public Health, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, School of Public Health, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
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2012 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 3, article id e32848Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To evaluate the effect of an intervention on fall induced injuries of elderly people in a safe-community in Shanghai and to discuss an intervention model that is proper for the community to generalize.

Methodology/Principal Findings: Five neighborhood areas in a Safe Community were purposively selected. All individuals aged 60 years or over in five neighborhoods were prospective participants. From randomly selected prospective households with elders, 2,889 (pre intervention) and 3,021 (post intervention) elderly people were included in the study.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Model (KAP) questionnaires were used at the pre- and post-intervention phase for fall-induced injury prevention in the community. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used. After the intervention, knowledge about the prevention of fall-induced injuries increased, as did attitudes, beliefs and good behaviors for fall prevention. Behavior modification was most notable with many behavior items changing significantly (p value<0.0001).

Conclusions/Significance: The integrated program for reducing fall-related injuries in the community was effective in improving fall prevention among the elderly, but the intervention still needs further improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Francisco, USA: Public Library Science , 2012. Vol. 7, no 3, article id e32848
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Geriatrics
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23366DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032848ISI: 000303894900013PubMedID: 22479343Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84858986239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-23366DiVA, id: diva2:532324
Available from: 2012-06-11 Created: 2012-06-11 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved

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