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The non-governmental organization as a health promoting setting: examples from alcohol prevention projects conducted in the context of national support to NGOs
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2012. , 131 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 40
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24174ISBN: 978-91-7668-881-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24174DiVA: diva2:542247
Public defence
2012-09-28, Hörsal G, Gymnastikhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-07-30 Last updated: 2015-02-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A research strategy case study of alcohol and drug prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003-2009
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A research strategy case study of alcohol and drug prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003-2009
2011 (English)In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 6, 8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research strategy case study shows that it is possible to integrate research into alcohol and drug prevention programs run by NGOs, and thereby contribute to a more evidence-based practice. A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organisations. Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to research groups that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2011
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16627 (URN)10.1186/1747-597X-6-8 (DOI)000291097900001 ()21492442 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-79953846678 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-08-25 Created: 2011-08-25 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved
2. How do minors succeed in buying beer in Sweden?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How do minors succeed in buying beer in Sweden?
2008 (English)In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 25, no 2, 115-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study examines the compliance with the law against selling beer to under-aged persons in Sweden. It also analyses determinants of compliance and the importance of checking IDs. The paper also aims to reveal the strategies used by youths when purchasing beer.

Methods & Data: The study is the result of a close collaboration between the Swedish Youth Temperance Movement (UNF) and researchers at Örebro University. UNF has been responsible for the purchase attempts, and the research team for the analyses. The data consists of 681 purchase attempts in seven cities in Sweden during 2003-2004.

Results: Almost half of the purchase attempts made by under-aged persons (14-17 years old) resulted in successfully buying beer. The study reveals that the genders of the check-out clerk and the buyer are significant with regard to both selling/buying beer and asking for ID. The proportion of sales was significantly higher among girls than boys, both in total and when they were asked for ID first.

Conclusions: The study shows that under-aged teenagers succeed in purchasing beer in Sweden despite the present legislation. Some succeed because of the tricks they use, and some because of the check-out clerk’s negligence. The procedure used in the present study – letting under-aged persons attempt to purchase beer – resembles the situation for ordinary teenagers trying to buy beer under normal circumstances.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte:

Denna studie undersöker följsamheten hos lagen som förbjuder försäljning av folköl till minderåriga personer. Den analyserar följsamhetens bestämningsfaktorer och vikten av att kontrollera legitimationer. Artikeln syftar också till att undersöka ungdomars strategier vid inköp av folköl.

Metoder och data:

Studien är resultatet av ett nära samarbete mellan Ungdomens nykterhetsförbund (UNF) och forskare vid Örebro universitet. UNF har ansvarat för provköpen och forskarteamet för analyserna. Data består av 681 provköp i sju svenska städer 2003-2004.

Resultat:

Nära hälften av alla provköp gjorda av minderåriga personer (14-17 år gamla) resulterade i att de fick köpa folköl. Studien visar att könen hos personalen i kassan och köparna har signifikant betydelse för såväl försäljning/köp och kontroll av legitimation. En signifikant högre andel av flickorna fick köpa folköl än bland pojkarna, både totalt och när de blev tillfrågade om legitimation.

Sammanfattning:

Studien visar att minderåriga tonåringar lyckas köpa folköl i Sverige trots den svenska lagstiftningen. Några lyckas på grund av de trick de använder sig av och några som följd av kassapersonalens nonchalans. Proceduren som använts i denna studie - att låta minderåriga genomföra provköp - är snarlik en typisk situation när ungdomar försöker köpa öl.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: STAKES, 2008
Keyword
Sweden, adolescents, beer, purchase attempts, NGOs, Ungdomar, folköl, provköp, frivilligorganisationer, UNF
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6845 (URN)
Available from: 2011-01-18 Created: 2009-05-15 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved
3. Working with or against the stores?: A non-governmental organization working with alcohol purchase attempts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working with or against the stores?: A non-governmental organization working with alcohol purchase attempts
2009 (English)In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, Vol. 109, no 3, 259-278 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the implementation by a non-governmental organization (NGO) of an intervention with two different strategies – one employing confrontational approaches, the other cooperative ones – aiming to reduce the rate of successful purchase attempts (PAs) of medium-strength beer in Sweden.

Design/methodology/approach – The Swedish Youth Temperance Movement (UNF) has been responsible for the development and implementation of the intervention, and a research team at Örebro University for the evaluation. The outcome analysis is based on 1,475 PA from 25 Swedish cities during 2003-2006. Annual reports, discussions and telephone interviews have been used to understand the intervention process.

Findings – In 40 per cent of all registered PAs, beer is sold to minors. In the eight cities using a structured strategy, there is a significant decrease from 2003 to 2006 (44-27 per cent; p<0.001). The confrontation method, compared to no model, is more than four times (OR?=?3.8; CI 2.0-7.0) more likely to yield a positive result. Compared to the cooperation method, it is even more likely to yield a positive result (OR?=?4.7; CI 2.1-10.7).

Practical implications – Working with a structured strategy gives significantly better results than working without one. The confrontation method is more successful than the cooperation method. Developing a preventive strategy takes time, cooperation perhaps requiring even more time to succeed than confrontation. The result reveals the importance of building local networks in the municipalities.

Originality/value – The advocacy for Swedish alcohol policy by the young members of UNF and participatory research is a unique combination.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purpose

 

– The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the implementation by a non-governmental organization (NGO) of an intervention with two different strategies – one employing confrontational approaches, the other cooperative ones – aiming to reduce the rate of successful purchase attempts (PAs) of medium-strength beer in Sweden.

 

Design/methodology/approach

 

 

– The Swedish Youth Temperance Movement (UNF) has been responsible for the development and implementation of the intervention, and a research team at Örebro University for the evaluation. The outcome analysis is based on 1,475 PA from 25 Swedish cities during 2003-2006. Annual reports, discussions and telephone interviews have been used to understand the intervention process.

 

Findings

 

– In 40 per cent of all registered PAs, beer is sold to minors. In the eight cities using a structured strategy, there is a significant decrease from 2003 to 2006 (44-27 per cent; p =

0.001).

The confrontation method, compared to no model, is more than four times (OR=

 

 

3.8; CI 2.0-7.0) more likely to yield a positive result. Compared to the cooperation method, it is even more likely to yield a positive result (OR =

4.7; CI 2.1-10.7).

 

Practical implications

 

 

– Working with a structured strategy gives significantly better results thanworking without one. The confrontation method is more successful than the cooperation method.

- Developing a preventive strategy takes time, cooperation perhaps requiring even more time to succeed than confrontation. The result reveals the importance of building local networks in the municipalities.

 

 

Originality/value

 

 

– The advocacy for Swedish alcohol policy by the young members of UNF and participatory research is a unique combination.

 

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Southampton: Emerald Group, 2009
Keyword
Sweden, Adolescents, Alcoholic drinks, Buying behaviour
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-14024 (URN)10.1108/09654280910955584 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-01-18 Created: 2011-01-17 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved
4. The youth sports club as a health-promoting setting: an integrative review of research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The youth sports club as a health-promoting setting: an integrative review of research
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 3, 269-283 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aims of this review is to compile and identify key issues in international research about youth sports clubs as health-promoting settings, and then discuss the results of the review in terms of a framework for the youth sports club as a health-promoting setting.

Methods: The framework guiding this review of research is the health-promoting settings approach introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO). The method used is the integrated review. Inclusion criteria were, first, that the studies concerned sports clubs for     young people, not professional clubs; second, that it be a question of voluntary participation in some sort of ongoing organized athletics outside of the regular school curricula; third, that the studies consider issues about youth sports clubs in terms of health-promoting settings as described by WHO. The final sample for the review consists of 44 publications.

Results: The review shows that youth sports clubs have plentiful opportunities to be or become health-promoting settings; however this is not something that happens automatically. To do so, the club needs to include an emphasis on certain important elements in its strategies and daily practices. The youth sports club needs to be a supportive and healthy environment with activities designed for and adapted to the specific age-group or stage of development of the youth.

Conclusions: To become a health-promoting setting, a youth sports club needs to take a comprehensive approach to its activities, aims,  and purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kinfdom: Sage Publications, 2013
Keyword
Health promoting setting, organized youth sports, review, sports clubs
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Public health; Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-20095 (URN)10.1177/1403494812473204 (DOI)000318632100008 ()23349167 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84876136248 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agensies:

Ministry of Health and Social Affairs

Swedish National Institute of Public Health 

Available from: 2011-10-18 Created: 2011-10-18 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved
5. The implementation process of alcohol policies in eight Swedish football clubs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The implementation process of alcohol policies in eight Swedish football clubs
2013 (English)In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, Vol. 113, no 3, 196-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Alcohol stands in an ambiguous relationship to sports, and there is a common belief that participation in sports prevents alcohol consumption. Although this is not always the case, sports clubs can be important settings for health promoting alcohol policy interventions .The purpose of this paper is to explore the process of implementing alcohol policies in eight football clubs in Sweden and, in particular, how the implementation process is conveyed in the clubs’ alcohol policy projects, the similarities and differences between this case study and Durlak and DuPre's implementation model and the recommendations for successful alcohol policy implementation in relation to the result.

Design/methodology/approach – In total, 15 semi-structured interviews on the subject of sports’ club alcohol policies were conducted with project leaders and board members from eight sports clubs. The interviews were analysed using Durlak and DuPre's model of factors affecting implementation processes.

Findings – The results show that almost all the factors in Durlak and DuPre's model were comprehensively manifested in the football clubs’ alcohol policy projects, although with slightly different significance and emphases.

Practical implications – The results are discussed in relation to recommendations for successful alcohol policy implementation in sports clubs. Recommendations are presented in six areas: an explicit message; fit; internal policy dissemination; alcohol policy as a part of overall policy; support; and actors.

Originality/value – Many sports clubs do an excellent job of implementing alcohol policies successfully and it is imperative to incorporate their “good” practices into research and provide assistance to those whose policies and practice are less developed.

Keyword
Alcoholic drinks, Football, Health promotion, Implementation, Private clubs, Sports, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Public health; Nursing Science; Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22232 (URN)10.1108/09654281311309837 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-03-23 Created: 2012-03-23 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved

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