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Peer selection and influence of delinquent behavior of immigrant and nonimmigrant youths: does context matter?
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)
Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 178-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines selection and influence related to delinquent behaviors of immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents attending three majority-immigrant schools (54% to 65.2% immigrant) and four minority-immigrant schools (11.1% to 25.1% immigrant) in one community. The sample included 1,169 youths (50.4% male; 24.2% immigrant) initially between the ages of 12 and 16 years (M =13.92, SD = 0.85). Results showed that immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents were similar to their peers on delinquent behaviors, and peer selection and social influence operated in a complementary manner to explain this similarity. The processes did not differ between immigrants and nonimmigrants or between school contexts, suggesting that immigrants do not differ from nonimmigrants on either the prevalence or the processes behind delinquency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 36, no 3, p. 178-185
Keywords [en]
adolescence; delinquency; friendship selection; immigrant and nonimmigrant youth; peer influence
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24483DOI: 10.1177/0165025411434652ISI: 000304700400002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84861819740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24483DiVA, id: diva2:544857
Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-08-16 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Embedded in a context: the adaptation of immigrant youth
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embedded in a context: the adaptation of immigrant youth
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With rising levels of immigration comes a need to know what fosters positive adaptation for the youth growing up in a new culture of settlement.The issue is increasingly studied; however, little of the research conducted has combined a developmental with a contextual approach. The aim of this dissertation was to explore the adaptation of immigrant youth on the basis of developmental theories and models which put emphasis on setting or contextual conditions. This entailed viewing immigrant youths as developing organisms that actively interact with their environments. Further, immigrant youths were seen as embedded in multiple settings, at different levels and with different contextual features. Two of the overall research questions addressed how contextual features of the settings in which the youth are embedded were related to adaptation. Results from all three studies combined to show that the contextual feature of a setting is not of prime or sole importance for the adaptation of immigrant youth, and that the contextual feature of SES diversity is of greater importance than theethnic compositions of settings. The next two overall research questions addressed how the linkage between settings was related to adaptation. The results indicated that adaptation is not always setting specific and that what is happening in one setting can be related to adaptation in anothersetting. Further, it was found that the cultural distance between settings is related to adaption, but that contextual factors affect this relationship. Overall, the results of the dissertation suggests that the adaptation of immigrant youth is a complex matter that is explained better by interaction and indirect effects than by main and direct effects. This highlights the importance of taking all settings in which the immigrant youths are embedded into account and to account for how the settings interact to understand the factors that foster and hinder positive adaptation of immigrant youth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2012. p. 78
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 25
Keywords
immigrant youth, adaptation, development, settings, contextual features, linkage
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24172 (URN)978-91-7668-883-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-28, Hörsal B, Billbergska huset, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

The article "Homophily in friendship networks of immigrant and nonimmigrantyouth: Does context matter?" in the list of studies is published electronically as "Peer selection and influence of delinquent behavior of immigrant and nonimmigrant youths: does context matter?"

Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-07-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Svensson, YlvaBurk, William J.Stattin, HåkanKerr, Margaret

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