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Patients' perception of music versus ordinary sound in a postanaesthesia care unit: a randomised crossover trial
Dep. Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden; Faculty of Health and Society, Department of Nursing, Malmö University, Sweden.
Faculty of Health and Society, Department of Nursing, Malmö University, Sweden.
Dep. Anesthesia and Intensive Care/Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5403-4183
2009 (English)In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 208-213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We performed an experimental single-blind crossover design study in a postanaesthesia care unit (PACU): (i) to test the hypothesis that patients will experience a higher degree of wellbeing if they listen to music compared to ordinary PACU sounds during their early postoperative care, (ii) to determine if there is a difference over time, and (iii) to evaluate the importance of the acoustic environment and whether patients prefer listening to music during their stay. Two groups received a three-phase intervention: one group (n=23) experienced music-ordinary sound-music and the second group (n=21) experienced ordinary sound-music-ordinary sound. Each period lasted 30 min, and after each period the patients assessed their experience of the sound. The results demonstrated a significant difference (p<0.001) between groups in the proportions of patients reporting that the acoustic environment was of great importance for their wellbeing during the three-phase intervention, and most participants (n=36 versus n=8) noticed that they were exposed to different sounds during the PACU period. The results also revealed that most participants (n=32) preferred listening to music versus listening to ordinary sound (n=3) while in the PACU (p<0.001). These findings promote use of listening to music to establish a healing environment for patients in a postanaesthesia care unit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 25, no 4, p. 208-213
Keywords [en]
Music; Nursing; Postoperative care; Sound
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science; Anaesthesiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24516DOI: 10.1016/j.iccn.2009.04.002PubMedID: 19446459Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-67649404607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24516DiVA, id: diva2:545168
Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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