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The effect of music intervention in relation to gender during coronary angiographic procedures: a randomized clinical trial
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Örebro University Hospital,Örebro, Sweden; Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro,Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5403-4183
Department of Cardiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Cardiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Cardiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
2009 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 200-206Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several studies have evaluated music interventions prior and after coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but there is no clear evidence showing that music has an effect on patients during these procedures. The purpose was to investigate the effects of music on anxiety, angina, pain, relaxation, and comfort in patients during angiographic procedures and to evaluate gender differences. The study was a four-armed, prospective randomized controlled trial included 240 patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or PCI. Patients were allocated to receive relaxing music, MusiCure or standard care during the procedure. Outcome measures were; puncture pain and the discomfort related to it, angina and the discomfort related to it, anxiety, experience of the sound environment, discomfort of lying still, and the doses of anxiolytics and analgesics during the procedure. No differences were found between the music and control groups regarding any of the trial endpoints or gender-related differences. The overall rating of the sound environment and feeling of relaxation was high. In conclusion, music intervention in patients undergoing angiographic procedures was highly feasible, but not effective in this study though the delivery of music went smoothly and did not disturb the examination and patients and staff alike looked favorably on it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 8, no 3, p. 200-206
Keywords [en]
Angiography, Anxiety, Gender, Music, Pain, PCI
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science; Cardiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24518DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2009.01.001ISI: 000268952700007PubMedID: 19186107Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-67650123227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24518DiVA, id: diva2:545170
Note

Funding agencies: 

Research Committee of Örebro County Council  

Stockholm County Council's research program, Arts in Hospitals and Care as Culture 

Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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