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Assessment of recovery after day surgery using a modified version of quality of recovery-40
Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden; 2 Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden; 2 Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
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2009 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 53, no 5, p. 673-677Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A recent nationwide survey in Sweden found that day surgery accounts for 43% of all in-hospital procedures.1 Orthopaedic, general, and gynaecological procedures were the most common. About 40% of the day surgery units followed up with telephone calls within 1–2 days, and found pain to be the most common complaint. Quality of recovery had not been systematically evaluated with instruments tested for validity and reliability, and follow-ups beyond 2 days post-operative were not found.

Quality of Recovery-40 (QoR-40)2,3 is a 40-item instrument to assess the quality of post-operative recovery. The instrument is divided into five dimensions; emotional state, physical comfort, psychological support, physical independence, and pain. These dimensions represent aspects of good-quality recovery after anaesthesia and surgery. QoR-40 has been used for patients undergoing different surgical procedures and tests for validity and reliability yielded initial support for the instrument. Myles et al.3 concluded that QoR-40 would be a useful outcome measure to assess the impact of changes in health care delivery on quality of care, but anaesthesia and surgery studies have rarely used this approach. Although QoR-40 has not been used exclusively for day surgery patients, some day surgery patients were included when the instrument was developed.2,3 Another study on day surgery patients4 used eight items from QoR-40 relevant to that study. In a systematic review of post-operative recovery outcomes measurements after ambulatory surgery, the QoR-40 was the only instrument that fulfilled the criteria that were set up but was not specifically designed for day surgery and anaesthesia.5 Another systematic review from 2008 also advises to use the QoR-40 in future validation and application studies.6 Day surgery is increasing, and it is important to measure the quality of care and the impact of change. When using an instrument such as QoR-40, each item must be carefully considered for the purpose and context it will be used in, especially when it differs from the original context, both concerning cultural differences between countries and the type of surgical procedure used. Therefore, our study created and used a modified version of the QoR-40 to measure the quality of recovery in day surgery patients. The study aimed to test this modified version in a Swedish context for day surgery patients, to assess the quality of recovery on days 1, 7, and 14 post-operative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 53, no 5, p. 673-677
Keywords [en]
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures, Emotions, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pain, Postoperative, Postoperative Period, Questionnaires
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Nursing
Research subject
Medicine; Anaesthesiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24530DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2009.01914.xISI: 000265184400019PubMedID: 19419363Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-64749107398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24530DiVA, id: diva2:545194
Note

Funding Agencies:The Health Research Council in Southeast Sweden Kalmar County Council, Linkoping University Research Committee of Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden

Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Ulrica G.

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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
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