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Local warming to reduce pain on peripheral intravenous cannula insertion: a randomised controlled study
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5403-4183
2006 (English)In: Journal of advanced perioperative care, ISSN 1470-5664, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 107-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Insertion of intravenous cannulas (IVCs) is one of the most commonly used invasive procedures in healthcare and can be perceived as very painful by the patient.The aim of this study was to evaluate whether venous dilatation produced by local warming (LW) reduces pain on peripheral IVC insertion.The study with a sample size of 125 patients was undertaken in a day care unit.Patients were randomised to an experimental group (n = 61) or a control group (n = 64).The experimental group received LW during 60 seconds before cannula insertion.The control group received no treatment.The intravenous catheter used was optiva, an 18 gauge over-the-needle catheter.Pain was measured with a 10cm visual analogue scale (VAS) with a possible pain score of 0–10.The results showed no statistical significance between the groups in mean pain, with 1.74 measured in the LW group versus 2.01 scored in the control group.The percentage of patients who had a VAS >3 was 15.6% in the LW group versus 22.9% in the control group.However, this difference was not statistically significant. In conclusion, LW before peripheral IVC insertion appears not to have any pain-reducing effect. Altogether 20% of all the participants experienced the insertion as a painful procedure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 2, no 3, p. 107-111
Keywords [en]
intravenous cannula, pain, pain reduction
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24532Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33644963949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24532DiVA, id: diva2:545198
Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Rosen, SivNilsson, Ulrica

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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