oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Stress reduction and analgesia in patients exposed to calming music postoperatively: a randomized controlled trial
Örebro University Hospital, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5403-4183
Faculty of Health Science, Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro University Hospital, Department of Clinical Medicine, Division of Anaesthesiology, Örebro, Sweden.
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Anaesthesiology, ISSN 0265-0215, E-ISSN 1365-2346, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 96-102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and objectives: This randomized controlled trial was designed to evaluate, first, whether intra- or postoperative music therapy could influence stress and immune response during and after general anaesthesia and second, if there was a different response between patients exposed to music intra- or postoperatively.

Method: Seventy-five patients undergoing open hernia repair as day care surgery were randomly allocated to three groups: intraoperative music, postoperative music and silence (control group). Anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia were standardized and the same surgeon performed all the operations. Stress response was assessed during and after surgery by determining the plasma cortisol and blood glucose levels. Immune function was evaluated by studying immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels. Patients’ postoperative pain, anxiety, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation were also studied as stress markers.

Results: There was a significantly greater decrease in the level of cortisol in the postoperative music group vs. the control group (206 and 72 mmol L 1 decreases, respectively) after 2 h in the post anaesthesia care unit. The postoperative music group had less anxiety and pain and required less morphine after 1 h compared with the control group. In the postoperative music group the total requirement of morphine was significantly lower than in the control group. The intraoperative music group reported less pain after 1 h in the post anaesthesia care unit. There was no difference in IgA, blood glucose, BP, HR and oxygen saturation between the groups.

Conclusion: This study suggests that intraoperative music may decrease postoperative pain, and that postoperative music therapy may reduce anxiety, pain and morphine consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 22, no 2, p. 96-102
Keywords [en]
music therapy, intraoperative, postoperative; hormones, cortisol; blood glucose; immunoglobulin A; pain, measurement, postoperative; anxiety
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24533DOI: 10.1017/S0265021505000189ISI: 000229535300003PubMedID: 15816586Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-16844380381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24533DiVA, id: diva2:545201
Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records BETA

Nilsson, UlricaRawal, Narinder

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nilsson, UlricaRawal, Narinder
In the same journal
European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 401 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf