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Analgesia following music and therapeutic suggestions in the PACU in ambulatory surgery: a randomized controlled trial
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping,Sweden; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro,Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5403-4183
Department of Clinical Medicine, Division of Anaesthesiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Oro-Maxillary Surgery, Eastman Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping, Sweden.
2003 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 278-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This study was designed to determine whether music (M), or music in combination with therapeutic suggestions (M/TS) could improve the postoperative recovery in the immediate post-operative in day care surgery.

Method: One-hundred and eighty two unpremedicated patients who underwent varicose vein or open inguinal hernia repair surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to

a) listening to music, b) music in combination with therapeutic suggestions or c) blank tape in the immediate post-operative period. The surgical technique, anesthesia and postoperative analgesia were standardised. Analgesia, the total requirement of morphine, nausea, fatigue, well-being, anxiety, headache, urinary problems, heart rate and oxygen saturation were studied as outcome variables.

Results: Pain intensity (VAS) was significantly lower (P=0.002) in the M (2.1) and the M/TS (1.9) group compared with the control group (2.9) and a higher oxygen saturation in M (99.2%) and M/TS (99.2%) group compared with the control (98.0%), P< 0.001, were  found. No differences were noted in the other outcome variables.

Conclusion: This controlled study has demonstrated that music with or without therapeutic suggestions in the early postoperative period has a beneficial effect on patients’ experience of analgesia. Although statistically significant the improvement in analgesia is modest in this group of patients with low overall pain levels.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 47, no 3, p. 278-283
Keywords [en]
ambulatory surgery, music, oxygen saturation, pain, post-operative, therapeutic suggestions
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Nursing
Research subject
Anaesthesiology; Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24535DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-6576.2003.00064.xISI: 000181733200005PubMedID: 12648193Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0347296025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24535DiVA, id: diva2:545206
Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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