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Inhibited and impulsive subgroups of socially anxious young adults: their depressive symptoms and life satisfaction
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9688-5805
Institutionen för psykologi, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CDR)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3504-9037
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CDR)
2013 (English)In: Open Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 2161-7325, E-ISSN 2161-7333, Vol. 3, no 1A, p. 195-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Socially anxious people are typically thought of as being behaviorally inhibited; however, an atypical subgroup, which is impulsive rather than inhibited, has recently been identified [1]. Theoretically, inhibition and impulsivity could be viewed as different strategies for coping with anxiety that have the same goal—escape from negative emotions—but they seem to have different implications. Previous studies have found that the socially anxious-impulsive subgroup was higher on risk-prone behavior, as for example drug use, compared with a socially anxious-inhibited subgroup [1]. In this study, we aimed to identify these subgroups in a general population, and asked whether they also experience various levels of depressive symptoms and life satisfaction, as well as moderating effects of gender.

Methods: Cluster analysis was used to identify subgroups of young adults (20 - 24 years old; N = 772) characterized by different profiles of social anxiety and impulsivity. These subgroups were compared on levels of internal adjustment, and the moderating effects of gender were also tested.

Results: We identified five clusters, including an Anxious-Inhibited and an Anxious-Impulsive cluster. In the interaction between gender and cluster membership, gender showed evidence of moderation regarding both depressive symptoms and life satisfaction, with the young women in the Anxious-Inhibited and the Anxious-Impulsive clusters faring worst.

Conclusions: We replicated previous findings demonstrating the existence of a socially anxious-impulsive subgroup, thus solidifying current knowledge that may be important when it comes to diagnostics and treatment. This may prove particularly important for young women regarding internalizing symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine: Scientific Research Publishing, 2013. Vol. 3, no 1A, p. 195-201
Keywords [en]
Social Anxiety, Impulsivity, Depressive Symptoms, Life Satisfaction, Young Adults
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25326DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.31A016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-25326DiVA, id: diva2:547032
Available from: 2012-08-27 Created: 2012-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Tillfors, MariaVan Zalk, NejraKerr, Margaret

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