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Changing behaviors or behavioral change?: A study of moral development and transbehavioral processes in juvenile institutional care
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7426-9801
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro unversitet , 2012. , p. 117
Series
Örebro Studies in Social work, ISSN 1651-145X ; 12
Keywords [en]
moral development, juvenile, institution, staff, groups, peer culture, transdiagnostics, transbehavioral treatment, rituals
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25602ISBN: 978-91-7668-892-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-25602DiVA, id: diva2:548452
Public defence
2012-11-02, Hörsal 3, Långhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-08-30 Created: 2012-08-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Moral development as a crucial treatment goal for young people in institutional care: a critical comparison between milieu therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral development as a crucial treatment goal for young people in institutional care: a critical comparison between milieu therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy
2012 (English)In: Therapeutic Communities: International Journal for Therapeutic and Supportive Organizations, ISSN 0964-1866, E-ISSN 2052-4730, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 4-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This article aims to analyze and discuss the role of moral development in treatment of behavior problems and, further, to describe differences and similarities between two different methods – Milieu Therapy (MT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – in terms of addressing criminogenic needs and promoting moral development.

Design: By performing a literature review, the study shows that even though there are both pros and cons using MT and CBT in institutional care, relationships strong enough to restructure a young person’s moral reasoning require time, and involves not only the young person’s parents and social network members, but also a genuine therapeutic alliance with clinical staff at the institution.

Findings:These are central factors articulated in both CBT and MT, but are more explicitly expressed in MT. The results of this article highlight some important practical implications: In order to redevelop moral self and societal values, an overly narrow focus on criminogenic needs might exclude other components or processes of treatment and behavioral change. Together with a treatment program that view close staffresident interactions as of secondary importance, this could impair the possibility to obtain positive and long-lasting treatment results.

Implications: In practice, moral development itself should be considered as an overall treatment goal, integrated into the daily life at the institution, twenty-four hours a day. Finally, the possibility to work with moral development in institutional settings is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012
Keywords
Moral development, criminogenic needs, cognitive behavioral therapy, milieu therapy, institutional treatment
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Psychology; Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26556 (URN)10.1108/09641861211286285 (DOI)2-s2.0-84879927127 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
2. Negative peer cultures in juvenile institutional settings: staff as couch coaches or couch slouches
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negative peer cultures in juvenile institutional settings: staff as couch coaches or couch slouches
2012 (English)In: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, ISSN 1050-9674, E-ISSN 1540-8558, Vol. 51, no 5, p. 316-330Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Juveniles in institutional treatment lack the skills to cope with societal expectations, rules, and moral values. If not prevented by staff, bonds are established with other deviant youth and the placement serves as a perfect "school of crime." This article aims to explore staff strategies to prevent negative peer cultures, as well as their theoretical foundations and relation to staff academic level and professional experience. Data were collected at eight Swedish institutions, using the Correctional Program Assessment Inventory 2000, questionnaires, observations, and interviews with clinical staff. Results show that most facilities lack negative-peer-culture strategies, but this is not related to academic level or experience. The importance, in terms of influencing the residents, of theoretical knowledge concerning psychological group-processes, peer culture, and moral development, as these relate to staff-supervised or unsupervised time, is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2012
Keywords
adolescent; institutional care; peer culture; staff education; treatment
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26557 (URN)10.1080/10509674.2012.683238 (DOI)2-s2.0-84863907740 (Scopus ID)
Note

Founding Agency:

The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care

Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
3. Staff group unanimity in care of juveniles in institutional treatment: routines, rituals, and relationships
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staff group unanimity in care of juveniles in institutional treatment: routines, rituals, and relationships
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To promote behavioral change processes in young people in institutional care, it is important that staff groups have common therapeutic goals, a unified view on how to achieve change, and similar attitudes towards the use of theory and methods. This article examines the level of Staff Group Unanimity at 8 treatment wards, by using the Correctional Program Assessment Inventory 2000 (CPAI), a questionnaire, additional interviews with key staff, and observations. Results show that most staff members have different views of the theory and methods used, low common therapeutic goals, and low agreement on how treatment should be performed, accompanied by low to modest confidence in management overall, and management’s ability to promote staff unity. The complexity of promoting positive interactions in the staff group without also creating distance to the residents is discussed.

Keywords
staff unanimity, residential treatment, therapeutic goals, rituals, interactions
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26558 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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