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Cognitive skills in children with Usher syndrome typ 1 and cochlear implants
Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, ,Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Växjö, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, ,Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Växjö, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, ,Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Växjö, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Växjö, Sweden; Audiological Research Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6557-6359
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2012 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, E-ISSN 1872-8464, Vol. 76, no 10, p. 1449-1457Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Usher syndrome is a genetic condition causing deaf-blindness and is one of the most common causes of syndromic deafness. Individuals with USH1 in Sweden born during the last 15 years have typically received cochlear implants (CI) as treatment for their congenital, profound hearing loss. Recent research in genetics indicates that the cause of deafness in individuals with Usher type 1 (USH1) could be beneficial for the outcome with cochlear implants (CI). This population has not previously been the focus of cognitive research.

Objective: The present study aims to examine the phonological and lexical skills and working memory capacity (WMC) in children with USH1 and CI and to compare their performance with children with NH, children with hearing-impairment using hearing-aids and to children with non-USH1 deafness using CI. The participants were 7 children aged 7-16 years with USH1 and CI.

Methods: The participants performed 10 sets of tasks measuring phonological and lexical skills and working memory capacity.

Conclusions: The results indicate that children with USH1 and CI as a group in general have a similar level of performance on the cognitive tasks as children with hearing impairment and hearing aids. The group with USH1 and CI has a different performance profile on the tests of working memory, phonological skill and lexical skill than children with non-USH1 deafness using CI, on tasks of phonological working memory and phonological skill.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Clare, Ireland: Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 76, no 10, p. 1449-1457
Keywords [en]
Children with cochlear implants, usher syndrome type 1, spoken language, cognition, phonological skills, lexical skills, working memory
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25767DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.06.020ISI: 000310048800012PubMedID: 22795738Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84866451498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-25767DiVA, id: diva2:551123
Available from: 2012-09-10 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2018-05-10Bibliographically approved

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Möller, Claes

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